Possible Ways of Evaluation of Industrially Manufactured Means for Low-Bearing Terrain Strengthening Usable in Military Operations

Ota Rolenec, Tibor Palasiewicz, Jaroslav Záleský, Jan Kyjovský, Ota Rolenec


The article deals with determining possible criteria and costs for using modern means for low-bearing terrain strengthening in current operations. Particularly in the construction of bases and in fulfilling the tasks of mobility support during combat, it is necessary to comprehensively plan the use of these devices regarding their capabilities and the costs related to their total time of use. To select the optimal mean for use in a given task, it is proposed to assess the selected technical indicators, significantly affecting the purchase price. Given the importance of the financial costs of the whole process of using any means, the article proposes a procedure for calculating life cycle costs by using mathematical methods. When calculating the acquisition and use of devices for strengthening the terrain, it is necessary to evaluate both the required technical indicators and the life cycle costs of the means. The basic text premises are based on the analysis of documents solving the engineer mobility support of deployed troops and life cycle costs and on the results of structured interviews with commanders and members of airbases. The article aims to offer a potential user procedure for evaluating a new device or more means for strengthening the terrain among themselves already at the time of its acquisition based on the fulfillment of the given task.


Costs calculation; mathematical methods; mobility support; terrain strengthening; military engineering.

Full Text:



I. S. Griffith and N. D. Zimmerly, “Engineers support U.S. border patrol,†Engineer, vol. 44, pp. 16–19, 2014.

P. Merriman and K. Peters, “Military mobilities in an age of global war, 1870–1945,†J. of Hist. Geo., vol. 58, pp. 53–60, Jul. 2017.

ATP-3.12.1 Allied Tactical Doctrine for Military Engineering, NATO Standardization Office (NSO): Brussel, Belgium, 2016.

D. Zhang, L. Cai, and S. Zhou, “An airfield soil pavement design method based on rut depth and cumulative fatigue,†J. of Adv. Transp., vol. 2019, pp. 1-11, Jan. 2019.

M. Wesołowski and A. Wróblewska, “Analysis of the operating conditions of mobile composite airfield pavements,†Road Mat. and Pav. Desing, pp. 1-21, Jun. 2019.

M. Wesołowski, P. Barszcz, and K. Blacha, “Mobile composite airfield element of security and reliability in air transport,†J. of Konbin, vol. 44, pp. 309-320, Dec. 2017.

C. Ma and Y. Zhang, “Effect of terrain relief on the transport cost on road of biomass raw materials: Energy conservation study of 9 cities and counties in China,†J. of Env. Man., vol. 274, p. 111212, Nov. 2020.

L. Yangyang, R. Yu, L. Bin, and Ch. Xuyang, “Algorithm for planning full coverage route for helicopter aerial spray,“ Tr. of the Ch. Soc. of Agr. Eng., vol. 36, no. 17, pp. 73–80, 2020.

E. Shagiakhmetova, Y. Medyanik, L. Gimadieva, D. Vakhitova, and I. Yarullina, “Economic efficiency of plastic recycling plant construction,†in IOP Conf. Ser.: Mat. Sc. and Eng., Kazan, Russian Federation, vol. 890, 2020, p. 012114.

Y. Hara and M. Tomono, “Moving object removal and surface mesh mapping for path planning on 3D terrain,†Adv. Rob., vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 375-387, Jan. 2020.

J. Drozd and J. Neubauer, „Use of an aerial reconnaissance model during the movement of oversized loads,“ J. of Def. Mod. & Sim., vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 447-456, Jul. 2019.

A. V. Lagerev and I. A. Lagerev, „Designing Supporting Structures of Passenger Ropeways of Minimum Cost Based on Modular Intermediate Towers of Discretely Variable Height,“ Urb. Rail Tr., vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 265–277, Nov. 2020.

O. Čokorilo, I. Ivković, and. S. Kaplanović, “Prediction of exhaust emission costs in air and road transportation, “ Sustainability, vol. 11, no. 17, p. 4688, Aug. 2019.

R. Janulionis, G. Dundulis, and A.Grybėnas, „Numerical research of elastic-plastic fracture toughness of aged ferritic-martensitic steel,“ Eng. Fail. An., vol. 120, no. 8, p. 105070, Nov. 2020.

(2020) Products of company ROLA-TRAC. [Online]. Available : http://www.rola-trac.co.uk/product/i-trac/

(2020) Products of company Deschamps. [Online]. Available: http://www.mobi-mat-chair-beach-access-dms.com/

(2020) Hexadeck Heavy-duty Tent Flooring. [Online]. Available: http://signaturecorp.com/ events/hexadeck/

(2020) Products of company Prima. [Online]. Available: http://www.primadirect.co.uk/

Z. Fu, W. Shen, Y. Huang, G. Hang, and X. Li, “Laboratory evaluation of pavement performance using modified asphalt mixture with a new composite reinforcing material,†Int. J. of Pav. Res. and Tech., vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 507–516, Nov. 2017.

P. K. D. Maeijer, W. V. D. Bergh, and C. Vuye, “Fiber bragg grating sensors in three asphalt pavement layers,†Infrastructures, vol. 3, no. 2, p. 16, Jun. 2018.

W. Bańkowski, “Evaluation of fatigue life of asphalt concrete mixtures with reclaimed asphalt pavement,†App. Sci., vol. 8, no. 3, p. 469, Mar. 2018.

I. N. GrubeÅ¡a, I. BariÅ¡ić, T. Keser, and M. VraÄević, “Wearing characteristics assessment of pervious concrete pavements,†Road Mat. and Pav. Desing, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 727–739, Apr. 2019.

G. Ingarao, P. C. Priarone, Y. Deng, and D. Paraskevas, “Environmental modelling of aluminium based components manufacturing routes: Additive manufacturing versus machining versus forming,†J. of Clean. Prod., vol. 176, pp. 261–275, Mar. 2018.

A. de Rubeis, P. D. Mascio, F. Montanarelli, and L. Moretti, “Design of a temporary surface-level helipad paved with aluminium mats,â€

Eu. Transp., vol. 2019, no. 72, p. 5, Jun. 2019.

K. Cibulová and J. Sobotka, “Utilization of perspective materials for negotiation of watercourses,†in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf., Transp. Means 2019, vol. 1, 2019, pp. 655–659.

M. Ryms and E. K. Radziemska, “Possibilities and benefits of a new method of modifying conventional building materials with phase-change materials (PCMs),†Const. and Build. Mat., vol. 211, pp. 1013–1024, Jun 2019.

C. Rodríguez, I. Miñano, M. Aguilar, J. Ortega, C. Parra, and I. Sánchez, “Properties of concrete paving blocks and hollow tiles with recycled aggregate from construction and demolition wastes,†Materials, vol. 10, no. 12, p. 1374, Nov. 2017.

C. Maharaj, D. White, R. Maharaj, and C. Morin, “Re-use of steel slag as an aggregate to asphaltic road pavement surface,†Cog. Eng., vol. 4, no. 1, p. 1416889, Jan. 2017.

S. Du, J. Wu, O. AlShareedah, and X. Shi, “Nanotechnology in cement-based materials: a review of durability, modeling, and advanced characterization,†Nanomaterials, vol. 9, no. 9, p. 1213, Sep. 2019.

M. Cabrera, J. Rosales, J. Ayuso, J. Estaire, and F. Agrela, “Feasibility of using olive biomass bottom ash in the sub-bases of roads and rural paths,†Const. and Build. Mat., vol. 181, pp. 266–275, Aug. 2018.

R. H. Latief, “Evaluation of the performance of glasphalt concrete mixtures for binder course,†Int. J. on Adv. Sc., Eng. and Inf. Tech.,

vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 1251–1259, Aug. 2019.

T. Imjai, K. Pilakoutas, and M. Guadagnini, “Performance of geosynthetic-reinforced flexible pavements in full-scale field trials,†Geotextiles and Geomembranes, vol. 47, pp. 217–229, Apr. 2019.

J. S. Tingle, “Mechanistic analyses of geosynthetic reinforced aggregate road test sections,†Transp. Res. Record: J. of the Transp. Res. Board, vol. 2673, no. 12, pp. 783–797, Sep. 2019.

K. H. Mamatha and S. V. Dinesh, “Performance evaluation of geocell-reinforced pavements,†Int. J. of Geot. Eng., vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 277–286, May. 2019.

S. Wu and B. Muhunthan, “A mechanistic-empirical model for predicting top-down fatigue cracking in an asphalt pavement overlay,†Road Mat. and Pav. Desing, vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 1322–1353, Aug. 2019.

Z. Refaa, M. R. Kakar, A. Stamatiou, J. Worlitschek, M. N. Partl, and M. Bueno, “Numerical study on the effect of phase change materials on heat transfer in asphalt concrete,†Int. J. of Ther. Sc., vol. 133, pp. 140–150, Nov. 2018.

Y. Du, J. Chen, Z. Han, and W. Liu, “A review on solutions for improving rutting resistance of asphalt pavement and test methods,†Const. and Build. Mat., vol. 168, pp. 893–905, Apr. 2018.

R. Buhari, M. M. Rohani, and S. Puteh, “Pavement life variation with material characteristics, road profiles and environmental effects,†Int. J. on Adv. Sc., Eng. and Inf. Tech., vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 2386–2392, Dec. 2018.

A. Vaitkus, T. Andriejauskas, O. Å ernas, D. ÄŒygas,

and A. LaurinaviÄius, “Definition of concrete and composite precast concrete pavements texture,†Transport, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 404–414, May 2019.

L. Ferrara, T. V. Mullem, M. C. Alonso, P. Antonaci, R. P. Borg, E. Cuenca, A. Jefferson, P. L. Ng, A. Peled, M. R. Flores, M. Sanchez, C. Schroefl, P. Serna, D. Snoeck, J. M. Tulliani, and N. D. Belie, “Experimental characterization of the self-healing capacity of cement based materials and its effects on the material performance: A state of the art report by COST Action SARCOS WG2,†Const. and Build. Mat., vol. 167, pp. 115–142, Apr. 2018.

C. Farrugia, R. P. Borg, L. Ferrara, and J. Buhagiar, “The application of lysinibacillus sphaericus for surface treatment and crack healing in mortar,†Front. in Built Env., vol. 5, p. 62, Apr. 2019.

L. Cai, D. Zhang, S. Zhou, and W. Xu, “Experimental study on the fatigue performance of pavement structures made of AAHSP,†Int. J. of Pav. Eng., pp. 1–11, Jun. 2019.

G. Çam and G. İpekoğlu, “Recent developments in joining of aluminum alloys,†Int. Jour. Adv. Manuf. Technol., vol. 91,

pp. 1851–1866, Jul. 2017.

Z. Karpíšek and P. Jelínek, “Stochastické metody analýzy spolehlivosti,†in An. dat 01/II – Mod. stat. met., vol. 1, 2001,

pp. 109–127.

M. Vlkovský, “Impact of vehicle type and road quality on cargo securing,†Comm. – Sc. Lett. of the Un. of Zilina, vol. 22,

pp. 9–14, Jan. 2020.

Český obranný standard 399006 Vojenské palety, svazky a kontejnery, Úřad pro obrannou standardizaci, katalogizaci a státní ověřování jakosti: Prague, Czech Republic, 2010.

G. F. Huseien and K.W. Shah, “Durability and life cycle evaluation of self-compacting concrete containing fly ash as GBFS replacement with alkali activation,†Const. and Build. Mat., vol. 235, no. 117458, Feb. 2020.

P. Butorová, “Aspekty CALS v akviziÄním procesu AÄŒR,†Ph.D. dissertation, Dept. Log., University of Defence, Brno, Czech republic, 2010.

M. Manosalvas-Paredes, N. Lajnef, K. Chatti, K. Aono, J. Blanc, N. Thom, G. Airey, and D. Lo Presti, “Data compression approach for long-term monitoring of pavement structures,†Infrastructures, vol. 5, no. 1, p. 1, Dec. 2019.

F. S. Handayani, F. P. Pramesti, M. A. Wibowo, and A. Setyawan, “Estimating and reducing the release of greenhouse gases in local road pavement constructions, “ Int. J. on Adv. Sc., Eng. and Inf. Tech., vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 1709–1715, Oct. 2019.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.11.5.12366


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development