Experimental Research on the Impact of Anchor-Cable Tensions in Mooring Ship at Vung Tau Anchorage Area

Xuan Phuong Nguyen, Nguyen Dang Khoa Pham


According to the detailed planning of Southeast seaport group up with an orientation to 2030, Ba Ria - Vung Tau seaport is an international gateway (type IA), acting as an international transshipment port where commercial, industrial services are developed and facilitated in goods import and export activities. However, one of the significant obstacles to the development of the Ba Ria-Vung Tau port service industry is the lack of synchronous infrastructure of the entire port system. The leading causes of these obstacles are due to inappropriate design and investment in anchoring and lack of in-depth studies on the specific characteristics of the flow through the anchorage area. This is a big problem, because the tankers often have low freeboard, mainly affecting the flow in the mooring area. Therefore, the focus on studying the impact of the flow in the anchored area of Vung Tau on oil tankers will contribute to the maritime practice of the anchoring areas in general and in Vung Tau in particular. In this paper, the authors will focus on empirical research on an experimental model that is constructed by the uniform method to determine the anchor-cable tension of ship anchorages with different loading modes at the assumed flow rate in the anchoring areas in Vung Tau. The results obtained from experimental research and simulation by numerical methods are compared and evaluated to develop an empirical and reliable formula for anchor-cable tension with oil tankers in Vung Tau anchoring area.


anchoring area; anchor-cable tension; Vung Tau ports; seaport system.

Full Text:



W. Y. Yap, “Container trade and shipping connectivity of Vietnam: Implications of Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership and 21st Century Maritime Silk Road,” International Journal of Shipping and Transport Logistics. 2019.

X. P. Nguyen, “The bus transportation issue and people satisfaction with public transport in Ho Chi Minh city,” J. Mech. Eng. Res. Dev., 2019.

C. Kontgis, A. Schneider, J. Fox, S. Saksena, J. H. Spencer, and M. Castrence, “Monitoring peri-urbanization in the greater Ho Chi Minh City metropolitan area,” Appl. Geogr., 2014.

H. T. Pham and H. Lee, “Developing a Green Route Model for Dry Port Selection in Vietnam,” Asian J. Shipp. Logist., vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 96–107, 2019.

T. M. H. Le, H. R. Choi, and L. A. M. Alfaroc, “An exploratory study on policy of the public-private partnership to develop seaport in Vietnam,” Int. J. Appl. Bus. Econ. Res., 2017.

F. Rusgiyarto, A. Sjafruddin, R. B. Frazila, Suprayogi, and J. T. Burhani, “Inland container depots effect for import container terminal performance at Koja container terminal, Jakarta based on optimization–simulation model,” in AIP Conference Proceedings, 2018, vol. 1977, no. 1, p. 20038.

P. Rosa-Santos, F. Taveira-Pinto, and F. Veloso-Gomes, “Experimental evaluation of the tension mooring effect on the response of moored ships,” Coast. Eng., 2014.

T. H. Hoang, A. T. Hoang, and V. S. Vladimirovich, “Power generation characteristics of a thermoelectric modules-based power generator assisted by fishbone-shaped fins: Part I–effects of hot inlet gas parameters,” Energy Sources, Part A Recover. Util. Environ. Eff., 2019.

A. T. Hoang, Q. V. Tran, A. R. M. S. Al-Tawaha, V. V. Pham, and X. P. Nguyen, “Comparative analysis on performance and emission characteristics of an in-Vietnam popular 4-stroke motorcycle engine running on biogasoline and mineral gasoline,” Renew. Energy Focus, vol. 28, pp. 47–55, 2019.

T. T. Nguyen, “An Investigation of the Vietnamese Shipping Industry and Policy Recommendations for Profound Participation into ASEAN Integration,” Asian J. Shipp. Logist., vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 81–88, 2016.

X. T. Nguyen, Y. Park, and J. Park, “A Quantitative Marine Traffic Safety Assessment of the Vung Tau Waterway,” J. Navig. Port Res., 2012.

V. T. H. Thu, T. Tabata, K. Hiramatsu, T. A. Ngoc, and M. Harada, “Effects of sea level rise and sea dike construction on the downstream end of the Saigon River Basin (Can Gio Bay),” Japan Agric. Res. Q., 2018.

A. T. Hoang and V. V. Pham, “A review on fuels used for marine diesel engines,” J. Mech. Eng. Res. Dev., vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 22–32, 2018.

J. K. Hsieh, Y. C. Hsieh, H. C. Chiu, and Y. C. Feng, “Post-adoption switching behavior for online service substitutes: A perspective of the push-pull-mooring framework,” Comput. Human Behav., 2012.

K. H. Lee, H. S. Han, and S. Park, “Failure analysis of naval vessel’s mooring system and suggestion of reducing mooring line tension under ocean wave excitation,” Eng. Fail. Anal., 2015.

J. Davidson and J. V. Ringwood, “Mathematical modelling of mooring systems for wave energy converters - A review,” Energies. 2017.

J. Palm, C. Eskilsson, G. M. Paredes, and L. Bergdahl, “Coupled mooring analysis for floating wave energy converters using CFD: Formulation and validation,” Int. J. Mar. Energy, 2016.

E. Roszko, “Maritime territorialisation as performance of sovereignty and nationhood in the South China Sea,” Nations Natl., 2015.

P. H. Hoang, A. T. Hoang, N. H. Chung, L. Q. Dien, X. P. Nguyen, and X. D. Pham, “The efficient lignocellulose-based sorbent for oil spill treatment from polyurethane and agricultural residue of Vietnam,” Energy Sources, Part A Recover. Util. Environ. Eff., vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 312–319, 2018.

A. T. Hoang and V. V. Pham, “Impact of jatropha oil on engine performance, emission characteristics, deposit formation, and lubricating oil degradation,” Combust. Sci. Technol., vol. 191, no. 03, pp. 504–519, 2019.

A. T. Hoang, “A report of the oil spill recovery and treatment technologies to reduce the marine environment pollution,” Int. J. e-Navigation Marit. Econ., vol. 9, pp. 35–49, 2018.

X. P. Nguyen and H. N. Vu, “Corrosion of The Metal Parts of Diesel Engines In Biodiesel-Based Fuels.,” Int. J. Renew. Energy Dev., vol. 8, no. 2, 2019.

M. Hall and A. Goupee, “Validation of a lumped-mass mooring line model with DeepCwind semisubmersible model test data,” Ocean Eng., 2015.

N. D. Khoa Pham and X. Phuong Nguyen, “Application of CFD for calculation and simulation of anchor-cable tensions in mooring ship,” J. Mech. Eng. Res. Dev., 2019.

A. T. Hoang, A. T. Le, and V. V. Pham, “A core correlation of spray characteristics, deposit formation, and combustion of a high-speed diesel engine fueled with Jatropha oil and diesel fuel,” Fuel, vol. 244, pp. 159–175, 2019.

T. M. Hao Dong and X. Phuong Nguyen, “Exhaust Gas Recovery From Marine Diesel Engine In Order To Reduce The Toxic Emission And Save Energy: A Mini Review,” J. Mech. Eng. Res. Dev., 2019.

V. Paulauskas, “Ship and Quay Wall Mooring System Capability Evaluation,” in Transportation Research Procedia, 2016.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.9.6.9946


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development