The Impact of Palm Oil Mill Wastewater on the Soil Properties of Paddy Fields
A paddy field is a wetland area which always muddy and constantly flooded by irrigation. This land possesses impermeable layers, hence the irrigation water quality ought to be maintained, to prevent changes in its properties, as well as the paddy field features. Furthermore, wetland pollution by the palm oil mill wastewater PT BSS was experienced in June 2018, characterized by a lowered quality of water in the fields of Manggopoh Village, Agam District, West Sumatra. The purpose of this study, therefore, is to determine the effect of PT BSS palm oil mill wastewater on the quality of paddy fields, using a survey method to obtain samples through random sampling techniques. This research was conducted downstream, based on the direction of flow along the irrigation channel as well as on the uncontaminated fields upstream. Furthermore, a ring and ground drill was used in the collection process, and analysis for physical and chemical properties was conducted in the Soil laboratory of the faculty of Agriculture, Andalas University. Subsequently, the evaluation involved averaging the soil data, followed by a comparison with the criterion level of damage, and ANOVA was used to estimate the difference between sample point locations, at a significance level of 0.05%. The results obtained indicate the absence of any changes in soil properties, in contrast with the water characteristics that can cause damage because the paddy soil is in a saturated state. Thus, wastewater is unable to permeate the soil matrix. Hence, it does not change the properties, since the values obtained passed the threshold criteria for soil.
Arsyad, S. 2010. Soil Water Conservation. IPB press. Bogor
Hardi Harjowigeno, S. 2010. Soil science. Persindo Academic Publishers. Jakarta.
Ministry of Environment 28. 2003. Technical guidelines for the assessment of the utilization of palm oil industrial wastewater on the ground in oil palm plantations
Ahmad, A. (2009). Fundamentals of Liquid Waste Processing Technology. UNRI Press, Pekanbaru
Hillel, D. 1980. Fundamentals of Soil Physics. Academic Press. New York.
The State Ministry of the Environment. 2009. Technical guidelines for the preparation of a map of the Land Damage Status for Biomass Production. Jakarta.
Puslittanak [Research Center for Soil and Agro-climate]. 1998. Guidance Chemical Analysis Soil and Plant. Research Center for Soil and Agro-climate. Bogor.
Tokoro, Tetsuya, Tatsuya Ishikawa, Shoya Shirai,and Tsutomu Nakamura. 2016. "Estimation Methods for Thermal Conductivity of Sandy Soil Wit 56 (5): 927-36
Judge, N., MY Nyakpa., AM Lubis., SG Nugroho., MR Saul., MA diha., GB Hong., And HH Bailey. 1986. Fundamentals of Soil Science. Unila, Lampung.
Kyuma. K. (2004). Paddy soil science. Kyoto University Press and Trans Pacific Press. Melbourne.
Singh.V.P. Elementary Hydrology. 1992. Prentice-Hall, Englewood.Cliff, New Jersey
Sarwono Hardjowigeno, Lutfi Rayes. 2005. Wetland: Characteristics, Conditions, and Problems of Wetland in Indonesia. Bayumedia Press. Press. Malang
Aprisal, Bujang Rusman, Indra Dwipa, Refdinal, Erlina Rahmayuni, and Fajriwandi. 2018. Dynamics of Some Properties of Soil Physics Under the Conservation Farming System in Critical Land Aripan In DTA Batur
Zhang, Jiangzhou, Shuikuan Bei, Baoshen Li, Zhang Junling, Peter Christie, and Xiaolin Li. 2018. "Organic Fertilizer, But Not Heavy Liming, enhances Banana Biomass, Increases Soil Organic Carbon and Soil Modifies microbiota." Applied Soil Ecology (December): 1-13.
Rothe, Marie, Marie Darnaudery, and Laurent Thuriès. 2019. "Orga-nic Fertilizers, Green manures and Mixtures of The Two Revealed Their Potential as Substitutes for Inorganic Fertilizers Used In Pineapple Cropping." Scientia Horticulturae 257 (April): 108 691.
Zhang, Min, Yuanlin Yao, Yuhua Tian, Ke Ceng, Meng Zhao, Miao Zhao, and Bin Yin. 2018. "Increasing Yield and N Use Efficiency with Organic Fertilizer in Chinese Intensive Rice Cropping Systems." Field Crops Research 227 (April): 102-9.
Anwar. E.K. A and Husein. S. 2006. Industrial Waste Fertilizer.http://balittanah.litbang.pertanian.go.id/ind/dokumentasi/buku/buku%20pupuk%20hayatipupuk%20organik/05pupuk_limin.pdf
Sorrenti, Giovambattista, Enrico Muzzi, and Moreno Toselli. 2019. "Root Growth Dynamics and Plant Performance of Nectarine Trees Amended with Biochar and Compost." Scientia Horticulturae 257 108 710, December 2018
Tang Quan, Chaopu Ti, Longlong Xia, Yongqiu Xia, Wei Zhijun, and Xiaoyuan Yan. 2019. "Ecosystem Services of Partial Organic Fertilizer Chemical Substitution for In A Peri-Urban Zone in China." Journal of Cleaner Production 224: 779-88.
Susilawati and Supijatno, 2015. Waste Management Oil Palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) On Oil Palm Plantations, Riau Waste Management of Palm Oil (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) In Oil Palm Plantation, Riau Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Institute of Agriculture Bogor (Bogor Agricultural University), Bul. Agrohorti 3 (2): 203-212 (2015)
Loh Soh Kheang, Mei Lai Ee, and Muzzammil Ngatiman. 2019. "Vegetative Growth Enhancement of Organicfertilizer From Anaerobically-Treated Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) supplemented With Chickenmanure In Food-Energy-Water Nexus Challenge." Food and Bioproducts Processing 117: 95-104.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development