Defining Suitable Parking Controls to Minimize Negative Impacts of Road Traffic: A Case Study in Padang City
Although car usage is admitted to improve the efficiency of travel and productivity, it is also blamed for the widespread problems in urban areas. It demands an increasing space for road as well as for parking, especially within Central Business District (CBD). Due to budget constraints and also to minimize the negative impacts of road traffic such as fossil fuel crisis and increasing number of road traffic accidents- parking control becomes essential. This study attempts to define the parking behaviour of motorists such as parking cost and duration, parking location distance, as well as pricing systems with a case study in Padang City, Indonesia. The findings from this study are expected could help the government in developing suitable parking controls inside the CBD and hence could contribute to minimizing the negative impacts of road transports. In addition, the government may also encourage the usage of public transports instead of private cars by using the recommended parking controls generated from this research. This is considerably important, especially for a country where a great amount of national petrol consumption are imported from overseas and mostly spent by private car and logistic transport.
Parking Control; Road Traffic Impacts; On-Street Parking; Off-Street Parking; WTP; ATP
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Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development