Structural and Green Infrastructure Mitigation Alternatives Prevent Ciliwung River from Water-related Landslide

Rian Mantasa Salve Prastica, Riko Apriatresnayanto, Dwinanti Rika Marthanty


Landslide is one of the most dangerous hazards worldwide. It could be caused by several factors and could have a massive destructive impact on the environment. A landslide event occurred in one of the urban cities in Indonesia. In the middle of 2002, a landslide disaster due to rainfall occurred in the Ciliwung River’s floodplain, precisely in the South Jakarta area. The landslide profoundly affected large areas of the region and seriously injured many people. Several circumstances that could trigger landslide occurrences are the building load in the settlement area around the river, increase in the rainfall intensity, slope, and soil characteristics in the Ciliwung River area. This research proposes a combination of nonstructural and structural disaster mitigation methods for water-related landslide by investigating the safety factor (SF) of the river bank’s slope in one of the impacted sites, i.e., the area under the main bridge of Grand Depok City regency. This site is located in the boundary area between Depok City and South Jakarta. The authors simulate analytical and numerical modeling to estimate the SF of the slopes. This research concludes that the minimum SF in the analyzed location is recognized as a safety criterion for society. The condition becomes less secure when an earthquake occurs. Furthermore, high rainfall intensity could become the worst scenario that generates considerable damage. The proposed structural mitigation for river bank with anchor or snail increases the SF. However, this reinforcement program is not recommended because of its high cost and ineffectiveness in solving problems. Hence, green infrastructure (GI) is highly suggested for nature-based mitigation to prevent rainfall-triggered landslides in the Ciliwung River area. The authors conduct the preliminary design of the study and recommend further analysis of GI or soil bioengineering to ensure its effectiveness and applicability in the research area.


water-related disaster; Ciliwung river; green infrastructure mitigation; disaster management.

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