Application of Time Series InSAR (SBAS) Method using Sentinel-1A Data for Land Subsidence Detection in Surabaya City
We studied land subsidence occurrence in Surabaya, considering the rapid urban growth in the city. It is evidenced by the increasing number of buildings (e.g., houses, apartments, offices) that have been realized before 2015 and the increasing transport activities in the industrial area. Land subsidence is a vertical deformation on the land surface that can be caused by landslides, earthquakes, soil consolidation process, or even human-made activities, depending on the material characteristics of the area. In this study, Time-series InSAR (TS-InSAR), specifically the Small Baseline Subset (SBAS) method, is applied to obtain the Line-of-Sight (LOS) velocities and time-series LOS displacements in Surabaya between May 2015 and September 2017. We used 28 Sentinel-1A data (IW mode) acquired by using Terrain Observation with Progressive Scan (TOPS) operation with the spatial resolution of 5 ´ 20 m and covers the area of 250 km2. DEM SRTM with 30 m spatial resolution was used to reduce topography effect contribution in the interferograms. Based on the SBAS method, interferogram pair selection is applied with the maximum value of 150 m for the perpendicular baseline and 100 days for the temporal baseline. The DInSAR process successfully generated seventy-four (74) interferogram pairs, and then by using SBAS algorithm, the LOS velocity and time-series LOS displacement were estimated. The results showed the varying displacements respond with the significant subsidence occurred in the North, East, and Southeast part of Surabaya. The SBAS result confirmed that the LOS velocity over the Surabaya area between May 2015 and September 2017 ranges from -40 to +30 mm/year. Significant land subsidence occurred in the Asemrowo area (North Surabaya) with the value of LOS displacement velocity up to -45 mm/yr.
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