Challenge for the Design and Construction of Jakarta MRT from Geotechnical and Traffic Engineering Perspectives

Paulus P Rahardjo, Caroline Sutandi


Traffic condition in Jakarta has reached critical level without the support of adequate public transportation. Jakarta MRT is another transportation mode proposed for the solution. However, this system will not respond to the issue without integration with existing transportation modes i.e., Bus-Trans-Jakarta and LRT. This paper discusses the geotechnical and traffic engineering aspects of the design and construction of Jakarta MRT. In geotechnical perspectives, the fact that soil conditions in Jakarta are soft, so construction requires careful design and method to reduce disturbance to existing traffic conditions. Diaphragm wall used with top-down construction has been proved as the best solution and the use of TBM is required. In traffic engineering perspectives, all existing transportation modes are considered in the determination of MRT station locations as well as the challenge of substructures construction in the soft soil area. Considering public safety during construction, it has been designed with combined elevated railways at the south corridor and subway in the northern corridor.  This study concluded that the selection of the station locations considering integrated all public transportation modes is a must and the construction method for subsurface structures should be selected carefully to reduce traffic disturbance in Jakarta and to keep public safety.


Mass Rapid Transit (MRT); integrated transportation system; diaphragm wall; top-down construction.

Full Text:



World Bank. Transforming Transportation (2015) Smart Cities for Shared Prosperity, January 15-16, 2015, World Bank Headquarters, Preston Auditorium, available at en/events/2014/12/18/transforming-transportation-2015-smart-cities-for-shared-prosperity, accessed February 2015.

BPS Provinsi DKI Jakarta, accessed July 2018, 2017.

Sutandi, A. Caroline. Pentingnya Transportasi Umum Untuk Kepentingan Publik, Jurnal Admnistrasi Publik, Volume 12 Number 1, April 2015, pp 19-34, Social and Political Sciences Faculty, Parahyangan Catholic University, Bandung, Indonesia, 2015.

Button, K.J. And Hensher, D.A. Handbook of Transport Systems and Traffic Control, Volume 3, Elsevier Science Ltd., The Boulevard Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford OX5 IGB, UK, 2001.

Sutandi, A. Caroline, “The Significant Importance to Measure Road Safety”, Applied Mechanics and Materials, Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland, Scopus Index International Journal, Vol 776 (2015), April 2015, ISSN: 1662-7482, pp 66-73, 2015.

Sutandi, A. Caroline, “Sustainable Urban Transportation in Large Cities in Developing Countries Towards Smart Cities”, Conference of the Asia Pacific Weeks – Smart Cities 2015, May 2015, Berlin, Germany 2015.

Sutandi, A. Caroline, ‘Sustainable Public Transportationtowards Smart City in Developing Countries in Asia”, Conferences of the Asia-Pacific Weeks Berlin, “Metropolitan Solutions - Smart Cities”, 23 May - 3 June 2016.

A. C. Sutandi and W. Santosa, “Road Safety Improvement in Developing Country Case Study on National Road in Indonesia,” in Proceedings of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies International Conference, 2013, vol. 10.

A. I. Niculescu, B. Wadhwa, and E. Quek, “Smart City Technologies: Design and Evaluation of An Intelligent Driving Assistant for Smart Parking,” Int. J. Adv. Sci. Eng. Inf. Technol., vol. 6, no. 6, p. 1096, Dec. 2016.

Van der Meulen, G.,G., “Urban Geology Challenging Human Settlement Development in Asia and the Pacific,” proceeding International Conference on Urban Engineering in Asian Cities in the 21st century, Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand, 1996.

Sanit, Peamsok, Analysis of Location Choice Behavior and Urban Railway Commuting of Bangkok’s Households, Urban and Regional Planning Review, Volume 1, 2014, 2014.

Orosa, Rosalinda L., DOTC stands firm on Decision to Locate LRT-MRT Common Station at Trinoma, The Philippines Star,, 2014.

Robert Adhi, KSP., “Menunggu Janji MRT dan LRT di Jabodetabek Terwujud, “, Kompas, 14 April, 2015.

P. P. Rahardjo, “Different Methods of Excavation for Basement in Jakarta: Design, Reality, and Associated Problems,” in Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Asia Urban GeoEngineering, 2018, pp. 184–203.

Rahardjo et al, “Liquefaction Study due to earthquakes in the Jakarta Area,” report submitted to PT Agung Sedayu Development, 2015.

H. Rezaei, A. A. Jafarzadeh, A. Alijanpour, F. Shahbazi, and K. V. Kamran, “Effect of Slope Position on Soil Properties and Types Along an Elevation Gradient of Arasbaran Forest, Iran,” Int. J. Adv. Sci. Eng. Inf. Technol., vol. 5, no. 6, p. 449, 2015.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development