Lineament Trend Analysis for Designing of Fault Deformation Monitoring Network in the Sermo Reservoir Area, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

- Yulaikhah, Subagyo Pramumijoyo, Nurrohmat Widjajanti


The Sermo Reservoir plays a vital role in the livelihood of the surrounding community. However, based on the geological map, a fault crosses the reservoir and possibly through the dam body. Therefore, disaster needs to be mitigated by monitoring the deformation of both the fault and the dam body. Deformation monitoring network design needs to consider the accuracy, reliability, and sensitivity in detecting and measuring any displacement. Geological conditions affect the sensitivity of the network. This research aims to analyze the geological structure based on the lineament interpretation of the deformation monitoring network design of the fault. The study was conducted by interpreting lineaments using the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission Digital Elevation Model (SRTM DEM) image with 30 m resolution and then representing the lineament patterns with a rose diagram. The lineament analysis was related to the rock formation of areas surrounding the Sermo Reservoir. Furthermore, the deformation monitoring network will be designed considering the geological phenomenon resulting from lineament analysis and other factors used in previous research, such as the distance and direction of the control point from the fault. From the lineament analysis, initial information showed that the fault was estimated in the direction of northwest-southeast and may be active. Deformation monitoring stations should be established along the fault plane, in both the right and left sides, and within various distances. The stations should be evenly distributed to cover the areas around the reservoir, the area outside the reservoir but still within the fault area, and the area outside the reservoir and the fault. The distribution of the stations should also form a transverse baseline to the fault.


lineament; rose diagram; fault deformation monitoring; network design.

Full Text:



A. Widagdo, S. Paramumijono, A. Harijoko, and A. Setiawan, “Kajian Pendahuluan Kontrol Struktur Geologi terhadap Sebaran Batuan-batuan di Daerah Pengunungan Kulonprogo Yogyakarta,” in Proceeding Seminar Nasional Kebumian ke-9, 2016.

Departemen Pekerjaan Umum, “Pekerjaan Disain Detil Proyek Bendungan Sermo,” Yogyakarta, 1985.

N. Wirawan, “Kajian Monitoring dan Analisis Stabilitas Bendungan Sermo,” Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, 2014.

K. Gahalaut and V. K. Gahalaut, “Effect of the Zipingpu reservoir impoundment on the occurrence of the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake and local seismicity,” Geophys. J. Int., vol. 183, pp. 277–285, 2010.

K. Gahalaut and A. Hassoup, “Role of fluids in the earthquake occurrence around Aswan reservoir, Egypt,” J. Geophys. Res., vol. 117, no. August 2011, pp. 1–13, 2012.

B. Siyahi and H. Arslan, “Earthquake induced deformation of earth dams,” Bull. Eng. Geol. Environ., vol. 67, no. 3, pp. 397–403, 2008.

Y. Kalkan, L. V Potts, and S. Bilgi, “Assessment of Vertical Deformation of the Atatürk Dam Using Geodetic Observations,” J. Surv. Eng., vol. 142, no. 2, pp. 1–14, May 2015.

T. F. Fathani and D. Legono, “Dynamics of Earth Dam Staility caused by Rapid Rising and Drawdown of Water Level,” in The 3rd International Workshop on Multimodal Sediment Disasters, 2012, p. E-1-1 s.d E-1-8.

G. Even-Tzur, “GPS Vector Configuration Design for Monitoring Deformation Networks,” J. Geod., vol. 76, no. 8, pp. 455–461, 2002.

F. F. Sabins, Remote Sensing Principles and Interpretation, 3rd Editio. New York: W.H. Freeman and Company, 1997.

J. Noor, “Penafsiran Citra Satelit untuk Pemetaan Geologi.,” 2012.

G. I. Marliyani, J. R. Arrowsmith, and K. X. Whipple, “Characterization of slow slip rate faults in humid areas: Cimandiri fault zone, Indonesia,” J. Geophys. Res. Earth Surf., vol. 121, no. 12, pp. 2287–2308, 2016.

Bakruddin, W. Utama, and D. Desa Warnana, “Penggunaan Citra Satelit Landsat–8 untuk Analisa Patahan pada Lapangan Panas Bumi Arjuno Welirang Provinsi Jawa Timur,” in Prosiding Seminar Nasional Aplikasi Teknologi Prasarana Wilayah IX (ATPW), 2016, pp. 37–44.

Z. Agista, P. Rachwibowo, and Y. Aribowo, “Analisis Litologi dan Struktur Geologi Berdasarkan Citra Landsat pada Area Prospek Panasbumi Gunung Telomoyo dan Sekitarnya, Kabupaten Magelang, Provinsi Jawa Tengah,” Geol. Eng. E-Journal, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 278–293, 2014.

Fagustin, “Analisa dan Tampilan Kelurusan Geologi (lineament) dari Citra Satelit dan Rose Diagram.”.

C. Satirapod, W. J. F. Simons, and C. Promthong, “Monitoring Deformation of Thai Geodetic Network due to the 2004 Sumatra-Andaman and 2005 Nias Earthquakes by GPS,” J. Surv. Eng., vol. 134, no. 3, pp. 83–88, 2008.

A. Fathullah, M. Awaluddin, and Haniah, “Pengamatan Deformasi Sesar Kaligarang Dengan GPS Tahun 2015,” J. Geod. Undip, vol. 4, no. 4, p. 42, 2015.

D. Sugiyanto, Zulfakriza, N. Ismail, F. Adriansyah, I. Meilano, and H. Z. Abidin, “Analisa Deformasi Permukaan Patahan Aktif Segmen Seulimum dan Segmen Aceh,” in Prosiding seminar Hasil Penelitian Kebencanaan TDMRC-Unsyiah, Banda Aceh, 2011, no. April, pp. 72–77.

N. Widjajanti, Parseno, and H. Ulinnuha, “Analisis Gerakan Stasiun Pemantauan Patahan Opak,” in Prosiding 6th Annual Engineering Seminar (AES 2016), 2016, pp. 1–5.

Y. Bock et al., “Crustal Motion in Indonesia from Global Positioning System Measurements,” J. Geophys. Res., vol. 108, no. B8, p. 2367, 2003.

A. Koulali et al., “Crustal strain partitioning and the associated earthquake hazard in the eastern Sunda-Banda Arc,” Geophys. Res. Lett., vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 1943–1949, 2016.

A. Koulali et al., “The kinematics of crustal deformation in Java from GPS observations: Implications for fault slip partitioning,” Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., vol. 458, pp. 69–79, 2017.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development