Climate Change Represented by Seasonal Rainfall, Temperature, and Wind Speed Trends in North Coastal of Java, Indonesia: Implications on Marine Capture Fisheries

Gita Mulyasari, - Irham, Lestari Rahayu Waluyati, Any Suryantini, Priyono Prawito


Climate change poses a significant threats to the livelihoods of people living in coastal areas, especially in the developing world. Consequently, locally relevant data are necessary to inform for livelihood adaptation planning.  This study provides empirical information on historical and future seasonal climate trends based on observation and modeling. Modeling is a necessary tool for assessing future impacts of climate change.  This study focuses in the North Coastal of Java,  which is one of the most vulnerable regions of Indonesia, and where communities are highly dependent on capture fisheries.   This paper presents information for historical and future seasonal climate trends in Northern Coast Regional of Java (NCRJ), Indonesia, where livelihoods are highly vulnerable to current climate change.  Historical climate trend is investigated using observational data from two climate stations in NCJ, which are Tegal Station of Meteorological, Climatological and Geophysical Agency (Tegal SMCGA) and Semarang Station of Climatological and Geophysical Agency (Semarang SMCGA) from 1978 – 2017.  Future climate is examined using a climate time trends model and predicted to 2100.   Changes in temperature and wind speed of the NCJ are influenced by time and are expected to continue to increase every year. Temperature is suggested to increase by around 0.024 and 0.035, while wind speed also increased by 0.052. Temperature and wind speed changes that continue to increase each year indicate that the NCRJ is one of the coastal areas in Indonesia vulnerable to the climate change effects.


climate change; seasonal rainfall; marine capture fisheries; wind speed.

Full Text:



R.S. Pomeroy and N.L. Andrew. Small-scale fisheries management: frameworks and approaches for the developing world. Wallingford: CABI. 2011.

H.M. Füssel. Adaptation planning for climate change: concepts, assessment approaches, and key lessons. Sustain. Sci. 2, pp. 265–275, 2007.

H. A. Hildalgo. Vulnerability of Agri-ecotorism communities as influenced by climate change. IJASEIT, 5 (6), pp. 379-386, 2015.

B.S. Halpern, S. Walbridge, K.A. Selkoe, C.V. Kappel, F. Micheli, C. D’Agrosa, J.F. Bruno, K.S. Casey, C. Ebert, H.E. Fox, R. Fujita, D. Heinemann, H.S. Lenihan, E.M.P. Madin, M.T. Perry, E.R. Selig, M. Spalding, R. Steneck, R. Watson. A global map of human impact on marine ecosystems. Science 319: 948 – 952. 2008.

K.M. Brander. Global fish production and climate change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104: 19709 – 19714. 2007.

C.J. Brown, E.A. Fulton, A.J. Hobday, R.J. Matear, H.P. Possingham, C. Bulman, V. Christensen, R.E. Forrest, P.C. Gehrke, N.A. Gribble, S.P. Griffiths, H. Lozano-Montes, J.M. Martin, S. Metcalf, T.A. Oket, R. Watson, A.J. Richardson. Effects of climate-driven primary production change on marine food webs: implications for fisheries and conservation. Global Change Biology 16: 1194 - 1212. 2010.

U.R. Sumaila, W.W.L. Cheung, V.W.Y. Lam, D. Pauly, S. Herrick. Climate change impacts on the biophysics and economics of world fisheries. Nature Climate Change 1: 449 – 456. 2011.

G. Srinivasan, K.M.Rafiusra, A.R. Subbiah. Climate information requirements for community-level risk management and adaptation. Clim. Res. 47, 5–12. 2011.

D.G.C. Kirono, S. Larson, G. Tjandraatmadja, A. Leitch, L. Neumann, S. Maheepala, R. Barkey, A. Achmad, M. Selintung. Adapting to climate change through urban water management: a participatory case study in Indonesia. Reg. Environ. Change 14, 355–367. 2014.

G. Mulyasari, Irham, L. R. Waluyati, and A. Suryantini. Perceptions and local adaptation strategies to climate change of marine capture fishermen in Bengkulu Province, Indonesia. International Conference on Climate Change. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 200. 2018.

American Meteorological Society. State of the Climate in 2014. Special Supplement to the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society Vol. 96, No. 7, July 2015

J. Diamond. How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed, Collapse. Published by Penguin Group. 2005.

K. Murniati, J.H. Mulyo, Irham, and S. Hartono. Farmers’ Adaptation Strategies To Climate Change And Food Security Of Households Of Organic Rice Farmers In Tanggamus Regency (Ordinal Logit Model Approach). In Proc. International Conferrence on climate change. 2016.

J. Birkmann and K. Teichman. Integrating disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation: key challenges – scales, knowledge and norms. Sustain. Sci. 5, 171–184. 2010.

D. Suroso, T.W. Hadi, I. Sofian, H. Latief, O. Abdurahman, H. Julianto, B. Setiawan. Vulnerability of small islands to climate change in Indonesia: a case study of Lombok Island, Province of Nusa Tenggara Barat. In: Proceeding World Oceanic Conference: Water and Coastal Sector, Manado, Indonesia. 2009.

DNPI. Adaptation science and policy study. Final report, National Committee for Climate Change (DNPI). Indonesia. 2010. Pp. 95

DNPI. Provincial vulnerability mapping and policy inventory to anticipate climate change impacts. Executive Summary. National Committee for Climate Change (DNPI), Indonesia. 2011. Pp. 40.

J.R.A Butler, E.L. Bohensky, T. Darbas, D. Kirono, R.M. Wise, Y. Sutaryono. Building capacity for adaptation pathways in eastern Indonesian islands: synthesis and lessons learned. Clim. Risk Manage. 12, A1–A10. 2016.

M. Herlina, P. Prawito, P. Suminar. Strategi Penanggulangan Kemiskinan. Pt. Muara Karya. Surabaya. 2016.

Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries. Indonesian Aquaculture Report. Global Agricultural Information Network. 2010.

Winantris, L. Faucielly, L. Jumaliah. Climate change record of Bandung Paleolake. IJASEIT, 8(6), pp. 2504-2509, 2018.

B.D.A. Nugroho. Fenomena Iklim Global, Perubahan Iklim, dan Dampaknya di Indonesia. Gadjah Mada University Press. 2016.

R. Nandini and B.H. Narendra. Kajian Perubahan Curah Hujan, Suhu Dan Tipe Iklim Pada Zone Ekosistem Di Pulau Lombok. Jurnal Analisis Kebijakan Kehutanan, 8 (3), pp. 228-244, 2011.

Ripaldi, A., Susandi, A., Aldrian, E., 2014. Climate change impact on pady productivity in Nusa Tenggara Barat Province (2040–2069 and 2070–2099 periods)., accessed in January 2019 (in Indonesian Language).

A. Anwar. Pergeseran Klasifikasi Iklim Oldeman Dan Schmidth-Fergusson Sebagai Dasar Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam di Bengkulu. Thesis S2. Program Studi Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam. Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Bengkulu. (tidak dipublikasikan). 2018.

Kompas Online. Potensi El Nino Kuat Tahun 2014 ( 2014.

Sudarto. Pemanfaatan dan Pengembangan Energi Angin untuk Proses Produksi Garam di Kawasan Timur Indonesia. Jurnal Triton. Vol. 7. 2011.

A.G. Ilahude and A. Nontji. Oceanografi Indonesia dan perubahan iklim global (El Nino dan La Nina). Makalah dipresentasikan dalam lokakarya “Kita dan Perubahan Iklim Global: Kasus El Nino dan La Nina “ Akademi Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia. Jakarta 18 -19 Mei 1999.

H. Syahbuddin and T.N. Wihendar. Rainfall Anomaly on 2010 – 2040 in Indonesia: Simulated by ARPEGE Climate Version 3.0. Model, Indonesian Agro climate and Hydrology research Institute. 2007.

D. Subarno, M. Yaniar, J. Purwanto, K. Multilaksono, and Wiweka. Perubahan Iklim dan Proyeksinya di DAS Cisangkuy Kapubaten Bandung. Seminar Nasional Pengarusutamaan Lingkungan Dalam Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam : Tantangan Dalam Pembangunan Nasional, 6 November 2014.

Y. Y. Loo, L. Billa, and A. Singh. Effect of climate change on seasonal monsoon in Asia and its impact in the variability of monsoon rainfall in Southeast Asia. Geoscience Frontier. 2014. Http://

K. Ruddle, E. Hviding, and R.E. Johannes. Marine resources management in the context of customary tenure. Mar. Resour. Econ. 7. 1992.

M.A. Marfai. Bencana Banjir Rob, Studi Pendahuluan Banjir Pesisir Jakarta. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu. 2013.

B. Triatmodjo. Teknik Pantai. Yogyakarta: UGM. Press. 1999.

E.C.F. Bird and O.S.R. Ongkosongo. Environmental Changes on The Coast of Indonesia. Jepang: The United Nations University. 2005.

M.A. Marfai and L. King. Coastal Flood Management in Semarang, Indonesia. Environmental Geology, 55, 1507-1518. 2008.

S. Maulana. Pemodelan Spasial untuk prediksi luas geenangan banjir pasang laut di wilayah kepesisiran kota Jakarta (Studi kassus: Kecamatan Tanjung Priok, Jakarta Utara). Skripsi. Yogyakarta: Fakultas Geografi, UGM. 2012.

Hardoyo, et al. Strategi Adaptasi Masyarakat dalam Menghadapi Bencana Banjir Pasang Air Laut di Kota Pekalongan. Yogyakarta: Percetakan Pohon Cahaya. 2011.

F. Numberi. Perubahan Iklim: Implikasinya terhadap Kehidupan di Laut, Pesisir, dan Pulau-pulau Kecil. Jakarta: Citrakreasi Indonesia. 2009.

Ministry of Environment. Indonesia Climate Change Sectoral Roadmap, ICCSR. Synthesis Report. Ministry of Environment. 2007.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development