A Review of MAC Scheduling Algorithms in LTE System
The recent wireless communication networks rely on the new technology named Long Term Evolution (LTE) to offer high data rate real-time (RT) traffic with better Quality of Service (QoS) for the increasing demand of customer requirement. LTE provide low latency for real-time services with high throughput, with the help of two-level packet retransmission. Hybrid Automatic Repeat Request (HARQ) retransmission at the Medium Access Control (MAC) layer of LTE networks achieves error-free data transmission. The performance of the LTE networks mainly depends on how effectively this HARQ adopted in the latest communication standard, Universal Mobile Telecommunication System (UMTS). The major challenge in LTE is to balance QoS and fairness among the users. Hence, it is very essential to design a down link scheduling scheme to get the expected service quality to the customers and to utilize the system resources efficiently. This paper provides a comprehensive literature review of LTE MAC layer and six types of QoS/Channel-aware downlink scheduling algorithms designed for this purpose. The contributions of this paper are to identify the gap of knowledge in the downlink scheduling procedure and to point out the future research direction. Based on the comparative study of algorithms taken for the review, this paper is concluded that the EXP Rule scheduler is most suited for LTE networks due to its characteristics of less Packet Loss Ratio (PLR), less Packet Delay (PD), high throughput, fairness and spectral efficiency.
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Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development