A Numeral Simulation Determining Optimal Ignition Timing Advance of SI Engines Using 2.5-Dimethylfuran-Gasoline Blends

Minh Quang Chau, Danh Chan Nguyen, Anh Tuan Hoang, Quang Vinh Tran, Van Viet Pham


Today, humans are dealing with two urgent issues: energy security and environmental pollution and finding sources to replace traditional fuels such as gasoline and diesel that are part of human interest. Lignocellulose biomass can be obtained through a variety of basic chemicals or intermediates that generate energy, such as ethanol, butanol, and dimethylfuran. 2.5-dimethylfuran (DMF) is considered a potential alternative fuel because it is a water-insoluble substance used as an additive mixed with gasoline fuel. Formerly, there have been many studies on combustion engines and emissions properties using the DMF-gasoline blend, especially SI engines. However, there has been no published research about the optimal ignition timing advance of SI engines when using these blends. This paper present how to determine the optimal ignition timing advance of SI engines using DMF-gasoline combinations with AVL-Boost simulation software. The simulation conditions were set up at 50% load, and speed at 2500 and 3000 rpm using blends are DMF20, DMF30, and DMF40 (corresponding with the DMF ratio in DMF-gasoline blends is 20%, 30%, and 40% in volume). The simulation result shows that the optimal ignition timing advance of SI engines using DMF-gasoline blends at a 2500 and 3500 rpm speed corresponding with 23 and 31 crank angle degrees (CAD) (reduce 2CAD compare to when using pure gasoline). At these optimal ignition timing advances, the power engine, torque, and thermal efficiency (BTE) reach its maximum value, while the fuel consumption rate is also lowest.


2.5-dimethylfuran (DMF); SI engine; biomass; ignition timing advance.

Full Text:



A. T. Hoang and V. V. Pham, “A study on a solution to reduce emissions by using hydrogen as an alternative fuel for a diesel engine integrated exhaust gas recirculation,” in AIP Conference Proceedings, 2020, vol. 2235, no. 1, p. 20035.

S. Dutta, “A review on production, storage of hydrogen and its utilization as an energy resource,” Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry. 2014.

S. I. Raptotasios, N. F. Sakellaridis, R. G. Papagiannakis, and D. T. Hountalas, “Application of a multi-zone combustion model to investigate the NOx reduction potential of two-stroke marine diesel engines using EGR,” Appl. Energy, 2015.

J. She, “Experimental study on improvement of diesel combustion and emissions using flash boiling injection,” in SAE Technical Papers, 2010.

V. V. Pham and D. T. Cao, “A brief review of technology solutions on fuel injection system of diesel engine to increase the power and reduce environmental pollution,” J. Mech. Eng. Res. Dev., vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 01–09, 2019.

D. W. Stanton, “Systematic Development of Highly Efficient and Clean Engines to Meet Future Commercial Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Regulations,” SAE Int. J. Engines, 2013.

A. T. Hoang and V. V. Pham, “A study of emission characteristic, deposits, and lubrication oil degradation of a diesel engine running on preheated vegetable oil and diesel oil,” Energy Sources, Part A Recover. Util. Environ. Eff., vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 611–625, 2019.

J. M. Bergthorson and M. J. Thomson, “A review of the combustion and emissions properties of advanced transportation biofuels and their impact on existing and future engines,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2015.

A. Demirbas, “Biofuels sources, biofuel policy, biofuel economy and global biofuel projections,” Energy Convers. Manag., 2008.

P. D. Patel, A. Lakdawala, S. Chourasia, and R. N. Patel, “Bio fuels for compression ignition engine: A review on engine performance, emission and life cycle analysis,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2016.

N. Sharma, L. C. Meher, K. Chandra, M. Mittal, S. K. Dwivedi, and M. Bala, “Synthesis of 2, 5-dimethyl furan from renewable lignocellulosic biomas,” Def. Life Sci. J., 2019.

A. T. Hoang and V. V. Pham, “A review on fuels used for marine diesel engines,” J. Mech. Eng. Res. Dev., vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 22–32, 2018.

F. A. Putro, S. H. Pranolo, J. Waluyo, and A. Setyawan, “Thermodynamic Study of Palm Kernel Shell Gasification for Aggregate Heating in an Asphalt Mixing Plant,” Int. J. Renew. Energy Dev., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 311–317, 2020.

C. Wang et al., “Combustion characteristics and emissions of 2-methylfuran compared to 2, 5-dimethylfuran, gasoline and ethanol in a DISI engine,” Fuel, vol. 103, pp. 200–211, 2013.

R. Daniel, H. Xu, C. Wang, D. Richardson, and S. Shuai, “Combustion performance of 2, 5-dimethylfuran blends using dual-injection compared to direct-injection in a SI engine,” Appl. Energy, vol. 98, pp. 59–68, 2012.

R. Daniel, G. Tian, H. Xu, M. L. Wyszynski, X. Wu, and Z. Huang, “Effect of spark timing and load on a DISI engine fuelled with 2, 5-dimethylfuran,” Fuel, vol. 90, no. 2, pp. 449–458, 2011.

S. Zhong et al., “Combustion and emissions of 2, 5-dimethylfuran in a direct-injection spark-ignition engine,” Energy & Fuels, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 2891–2899, 2010.

A. T. Hoang and D. C. Nguyen, “Properties of DMF-fossil gasoline RON95 blends in the consideration as the alternative fuel,” Int. J. Adv. Sci. Eng. Inf. Technol., vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 2555–2560, 2018.

S. H. Yoon, J. P. Cha, and C. S. Lee, “An investigation of the effects of spray angle and injection strategy on dimethyl ether (DME) combustion and exhaust emission characteristics in a common-rail diesel engine,” Fuel Process. Technol., 2010.

M. Y. Kim, J. W. Kim, C. S. Lee, and J. H. Lee, “Effect of compression ratio and spray injection angle on HCCI combustion in a small DI diesel engine,” Energy and Fuels, 2006.

V. G. Bui, V. N. Tran, A. T. Hoang, T. M. T. Bui, and A. V. Vo, “A simulation study on a port-injection SI engine fueled with hydroxy-enriched biogas,” Energy Sources, Part A Recover. Util. Environ. Eff., 2020.

V. V. Pham and A. T. Hoang, “Technological perspective for reducing emissions from marine engines,” Int. J. Adv. Sci. Eng. Inf. Technol., vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 1989–2000, 2019.

S. K. Dash, P. Lingfa, and S. B. Chavan, “An experimental investigation on the application potential of heterogeneous catalyzed Nahar biodiesel and its diesel blends as diesel engine fuels,” Energy Sources, Part A Recover. Util. Environ. Eff., vol. 40, no. 24, pp. 2923–2932, 2018.

D. C. Nguyen, H. Anh Tuan, T. Quang Vinh, H. Hadiyanto, K. Wattanavichien, and V. V. Pham, “A review on the performance, combustion and emission characteristics of SI engine fueled with 2,5-Dimethylfuran (DMF) compared to ethanol and gasoline,” J. Energy Resour. Technol., 2020.https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4048228.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.10.5.13051


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development