Structural Performance Investigation of Ship Lift Hoist Pile Structure Exposed to Tropical Marine Environment

Wahyuniarsih Sutrisno, Harun Alrasyid


This paper presents a field investigation and numerical analysis of a ship lift hoist pile structure exposed to the marine environment. This structure is located at Lamong Gulf in East Java Indonesia. This study focused on analyzing the structural performance of the steel pile of the ship lift hoist structure against gravity and seismic load. The field investigation was conducted using several methods such as visual observation, ultrasonic pulse velocity, half-cell potential and ultrasonic thickness to observe the current condition of the structure. Furthermore, a structural analysis was also performed to investigate the performance of the structure before and after the corrosion presented. Based on the field investigation result, it was found that the steel pile of the hoist structure suffers a loss of thickness due to corrosion. The thickness loss of each pile varies from 0 to 1.9 mm. The half-cell potential on the pile cap also shows that the corrosion potential in more than half the hoist pile cap is very high. Furthermore, the structural performance analysis shows that the hoist pile structure is within the safe limit against gravity load when receiving a maximum ship load of 1,650 tons. However, when the gravity load is combined with seismic load, the analysis result shows that the steel pile structure is overstressed and cannot withstands the applied load.


structural performance; ship lift hoist pile; marine environment; corrosion.

Full Text:



Y. Zhang, R. Kai, and L. Su, “Concrete cover delamination model for non-uniform corrosion of reinforcements,” Constr. Build. Mater., vol. 223, pp. 329–340, 2019.

M. Otieno, J. Ikotun, and Y. Ballim, “Experimental investigations on the influence of cover depth and concrete quality on time to cover cracking due to carbonation-induced corrosion of steel in RC structures in an urban , inland environment,” Constr. Build. Mater., vol. 198, pp. 172–181, 2019.

J. Hu, P. Deng, X. Li, J. Zhang, and G. Wang, “The vertical Non-uniform corrosion of Reinforced concrete exposed to the marine environments,” Constr. Build. Mater., vol. 183, pp. 180–188, 2018.

C. Yang, L. Li, and J. Li, “Service life of reinforced concrete seawalls suffering from chloride attack: Theoretical modelling and analysis,” Constr. Build. Mater., vol. 263, p. 120172, 2020.

S. Cheng, Z. Shui, X. Gao, J. Lu, T. Sun, and R. Yu, “Degradation progress of Portland cement mortar under the coupled effects of multiple corrosive ions and drying-wetting cycles,” Cem. Concr. Compos., vol. 111, no. April, p. 103629, 2020.

M. Stefanoni, U. Angst, and B. Elsener, “The mechanism controlling corrosion of steel in carbonated cementitious materials in wetting and drying exposure,” Cem. Concr. Compos., vol. 113, no. July, p. 103717, 2020.

M. H. F. Medeiros, A. Gobbi, G. C. Réus, and P. Helene, “Reinforced concrete in marine environment : Effect of wetting and drying cycles , height and positioning in relation to the sea shore,” Constr. Build. Mater., vol. 44, pp. 452–457, 2013.

W. Sutrisno, P. Suprobo, E. Wahyuni, and D. Iranata, “Microstructural investigation of reinforced concrete exposed to cyclic wetting and drying,” Int. J. Adv. Sci. Eng. Inf. Technol., vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 411–417, 2018.

W. Sutrisno, P. Suprobo, and E. Wahyuni, “Experimental Test of Chloride Penetration in Reinforced Concrete Subjected to Wetting and Drying Cycle,” Appl. Mech. Mater., vol. 851, pp. 846–851, 2016.

C. Tongning et al., “Simulation of chloride ion transport in concrete under the coupled effects of a bending load and drying–wetting cycles,” Constr. Build. Mater., vol. 241, p. 118045, 2020.

Y. Wang, H. Oleiwi, C. Y. Wang, N. Xiang, and J. Geng, “The characterization of chloride effect on concrete water sorption and its application in the modelling of concrete conditions in tidal zones,” Constr. Build. Mater., vol. 253, p. 119074, 2020.

J. K. Das and B. Pradhan, “Long term effect of corrosion inhibitor and associated cation type of chloride ions on chloride profile of concrete exposed to composite chloride-sulfate environment,” Mater. Today Proc., 2020.

C. Jiang, Y. Wu, and M. Dai, “Virtual Special Issue Durability of Innovative Construction Materials and Structures Degradation of steel-to-concrete bond due to corrosion,” Constr. Build. Mater., vol. 158, pp. 1073–1080, 2018.

W. Zhu, J. Dai, and C. Poon, “Prediction of the bond strength between non-uniformly corroded steel reinforcement and deteriorated concrete,” Constr. Build. Mater., vol. 187, pp. 1267–1276, 2018.

A. Ranjith, K. B. Rao, and K. Manjunath, “Evaluating the effect of corrosion on service life prediction of RC structures – A parametric study,” Int. J. Sustain. Built Environ., vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 587–603, 2016.

Y. Zhao, B. Hu, J. Yu, and W. Jin, “Non-uniform distribution of rust layer around steel bar in concrete,” Corros. Sci., vol. 53, no. 12, pp. 4300–4308, Dec. 2011.

Y. Zhao, A. R. Karimi, H. S. Wong, B. Hu, N. R. Buenfeld, and W. Jin, “Comparison of uniform and non-uniform corrosion induced damage in reinforced concrete based on a Gaussian description of the corrosion layer,” Corros. Sci., vol. 53, no. 9, pp. 2803–2814, 2011.

M. Shekarchi, F. Moradi-Marani, and F. Pargar, “Corrosion damage of a reinforced concrete jetty structure in the Persian Gulf: A case study,” Struct. Infrastruct. Eng., vol. 7, no. 9, pp. 701–713, 2011.

W. Sutrisno, I. Ketut Hartana, P. Suprobo, E. Wahyuni, and D. Iranata, “Analysis of corrosion induced crack in reinforced concrete with smeared crack approach,” Int. J. Appl. Eng. Res., vol. 11, no. 19, pp. 9970–9974, 2016.

R. E. Melchers, R. J. Jeffrey, and K. M. Usher, “Localized corrosion of steel sheet piling,” Corros. Sci., vol. 79, pp. 139–147, 2014.

H. Wall and L. Wadsö, “Corrosion rate measurements in steel sheet pile walls in a marine environment,” Mar. Struct., vol. 33, pp. 21–32, 2013.

S. Tattoni and F. Stochino, “Collapse of prestressed reinforced concrete jetties: Durability and faults analysis,” Case Stud. Eng. Fail. Anal., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 131–138, 2013.

M. N. Haque, H. Al-Khaiat, and B. John, “Climatic zones-A prelude to designing durable concrete structures in the Arabian Gulf,” Build. Environ., vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 2410–2416, 2007.

L. Jin, M. Liu, R. Zhang, and X. Du, “Cracking of cover concrete due to non-uniform corrosion of corner rebar: A 3D meso-scale study,” Constr. Build. Mater., vol. 245, p. 118449, 2020.

I. Zafar and T. Sugiyama, “The influence of bending crack on rebar corrosion in fly ash concrete subjected to different exposure conditions under static loading,” Constr. Build. Mater., vol. 160, pp. 293–307, 2018.

G. Samson, F. Deby, J. L. Garciaz, and M. Lassoued, “An alternative method to measure corrosion rate of reinforced concrete structures,” Cem. Concr. Compos., vol. 112, no. April, p. 103672, 2020.

D. Cusson, S. Qian, and T. Hoogeveen, “Field performance of concrete repair systems on highway bridge,” ACI Mater. J., vol. 103, no. 5, pp. 366–373, 2006.

W. Yodsudjai and T. Pattarakittam, “Factors influencing half-cell potential measurement and its relationship with corrosion level,” Meas. J. Int. Meas. Confed., vol. 104, pp. 159–168, 2017.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development