The Distribution of Solar Radiation and Solar Energy Intensity, and Top Locations for Constructing Solar Energy Stations in Iraq

Yusra M. Abdullah, Ghader Salim Aziz


The relationship between energy consumption and environmental pollution is evident from the exacerbation of widespread negative consequences such as climate change, including global warming, humidity, floods, earthquakes, destructive storms, and uncontrollable natural phenomena. Therefore, it is necessary to shift from fossil fuel consumption to alternative or renewable sources of energy such as solar and wind. Taking advantage of solar cell energy and investing in various fields such as electricity generation and agricultural uses such as water pumping, desalination and concentrating on their applications for the development of rural areas and their use in the development of the industrial sector. As well as encourage the private sector and capital owners to invest in solar cell energy. In our study, we analyze the best solar cell power stations in Iraq. Three cities selected across the country, providing data on distributions of solar energy and the density of electricity generated. Therefore, the research included a methodology suitable for the subject. This research aims to detect the importance of solar energy and how to exploit it through mathematical equations concerning the distributions and density to reach the possibility of the minimum solar energy utilization and then reach the preferred location for the construction of solar cell stations in the study area.


CSP; IRENA; humidity; destructive storms; Iraq.

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