Comparative Study of the Development of Android-Based Flipped Classroom Model between Jeddah and Indonesia
The development of information communication and technology has brought a new paradigm of education globally and particularly in Indonesia. Face to face learning has some limitations in terms of understanding, space, and time. The general concept of the flipped classroom method is that the students learn the materials at home and do the reinforcement in the classroom as well as learn the materials they yet to understand. The teacher dominates the learning process verbalism and stressful due to the overload materials in time limitation. This leads to teachers’ unawareness of the student's understanding. Therefore, in Industry 4.0, the learning process internet-based become the primary alternative to overcome the gap. Android-based flipped classroom model is one of the chosen solutions in this research to develop the online teaching media and learning materials. The research aimed to compare the effect of the Android-based flipped classroom model against the students' achievement in one of the schools in Jeddah and Indonesia. Research and Development (R&D) adapted from Dick and Carey used in this research. The development of an Android-based flipped classroom model effectively implemented in Indonesia but did not effectively implement in Jeddah. The results showed that the students' achievement for Indonesian students was significantly higher than of Jeddah students. However, both students and teachers in both schools showed a positive response to the Android-based flipped classroom model.
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