Mekong River Delta Agricultural Mechanization Development: Case Study in Vinh Long Province, Viet Nam

Huy Bich Nguyen, Van Liem Nguyen, Van Lanh Nguyen, Tuan Anh Bui


Agricultural mechanization is an essential path to the industrialization of rural regions. Viet Nam has more than 40% of the population in the agriculture sector, contributing nearly 30% of the country’s GDP and still is an agricultural country. Mekong River Delta (MRD) is the most significant agriculture production region of Viet Nam in which Vinh Long is one of sample province might be representative for MRD. This paper presents case study of recent status of mechanization in agriculture, and some recommendations for development the agricultural mechanization in the province. The statistical methods, SWOT analysis, problem approach and practical research have been used. The results indicate that the ratio of agricultural mechanization in Vinh Long might be not to satisfaction to the development of agriculture production. The agricultural field using walking tractors and shoulder engines, investment and financial policies, skill and training level of farmers and agricultural infrastructure such as rural transportation system, irrigation system, and agricultural production industrial processing are the main factors strongly influence on the development of agricultural mechanization in Vinh Long. Some studies proposed recommendations as solutions for sustainable development of the agricultural mechanization are presented in this study, such as agricultural production needs to be reorganized; developing system for training high quality and skill people to work in mechanization process; increase investments in science and technology for agricultural mechanization; setting up the policies to attract businesses and individuals invest in developing mechanization; removing blockages on "agricultural land limit" policy; and creating financial policies supporting to agricultural production investors. 


agricultural mechanization; Mekong river delta; Vinh Long province; agriculture production.

Full Text:



World Bank statistics 2018.

General Statistics Office of Vietnam, Result of the 2018 Rural, Agriculture, and Fishery Census. Annually report, 2019.

Huy Bich Nguyen, Technical Final Report of Reduction of Post-Harvest Losses (PHL) for Agricultural Produces and Products in ASEAN Region, Bogor, Indonesia, July 2018.

Vinh Long’s People Committee, Annually Province’s Economic and Social report of 2019, Feb, 2020.

Y. Hoseini and M. S. Janaghard, “Using a fuzzy control system to optimise the parametric method for selecting the appropriate irrigation system,” Res. Agric. Eng., vol. 65, no. 2, pp. 70–75, 2019.

I. Gravalos, A. Avgousti, T. Gialamas, N. Alfieris, and G. Paschalidis, “A robotic irrigation system for urban gardening and agriculture,” J. Agric. Eng., vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 198–207, 2019.

L. A. Alejo and V. B. Ella, “Assessing the impacts of climate change on dependable flow and potential irrigable area using the SWAT model. The case of Maasin River watershed in Laguna, Philippines,” J. Agric. Eng., 2018.

Tan M.L., Ibrahim A.L., Yusop Z., Chua V.P., Chan N.W. Climate change impacts under CMIP5 RCP scenarios on water resources of the Kelantan River Basin, Malaysia. Atmos. Res. 189 (2017) pp:1-10.

Segun R.Bello, Agricultural Machinery & Mechanization-Basic Concepts, January 2012, Publisher: Createspace, Charl US.

J.H Jun and K.U. Kim, “Policy for Promotion of Agricultural Mechanization and Technology Development” Northern Agriculture Research Institute, INC, Rural Development Administration, Korea, 2013.

J. Olt, K. Küüt, R. Ilves, and A. Küüt, “Assessment of the harvesting costs of different combine harvester fleets,” Res. Agric. Eng., vol. 65, no. No. 1, pp. 25–32, Apr. 2019.

R. O. Hernandez, J. A. O. Saraz, K. S. Oliveira, I. D. Aristizabal, and J. C. Arango, “Computational fluid dynamics assessment of effect of different openings configurations on the thermal environment of a facility for coffee wet processing,” J. Agric. Eng., vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 21–26, 2020.

Nguyen Huy Bich and, Midterm report of Assessment of the current status and orientation of mechanized development in agriculture, from production to post-harvest processing of Vinh Long province to 2030 project, Vinh Long, May, 2019

N. Hay and N. H. Bich, “Agricultural Mechanization in Vietnam and How to Develop the Cooperation with Japan,” in Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa And Latin America, 2017.

N. Hay and N. H. Bich, “International Specialized Medium for Agricultural Mechanization In Developing Countrie,” in Agricultural Mechanization In Asia, Africa And Latin America, 2016, vol. 44, no. 4.

Nguyen Tri Lac, Development Strategies for Agricultural Mechanization in Ha Tinh Province, Doctoral thesis (in Vietnamese), Hue University, Viet Nam, 2018.

N. H. Bich, N. Hay, and B. N. Hung, “Viet Nam Agricultural Machinery Industry,” Agric. Mech. ASIA, AFRICA, Lat. Am., vol. 47, no. 2, p. 68, 2016.

Singh M., Verma A., Sharma A. Precision in grain yield monitoring technologies: A review. AMA – Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America, (2012), 43: 50–59.

M. H. H. Razali, N. A. M. Noor, N. I. Othman, and H. I. Hamdan, “Mechatronic Application for Agriculture Mechanization Analysis and Education,” Softw. Eng., vol. 2, no. 4, 2012.

Gravalos I., Loutridis S., Gialamas T., Kateris D., Xyradakis P., Tsiropoulos Z. Dynamic behaviour of an in-pipe sensorbased platform for soil water monitoring. Comput. Electron. Agric. 134 (2017).:11-18

Chunlei Wang et al., “Research progress on visual navigation technology of agricultural machinery,” Int. Agric. Eng. J., vol. 28, no. 3, 2019.

C. Yu, Q. Wang, H. Li, C. L. Jin He, Z. Liu, and C. Wang, “Research progress of liquid fertilizer application technology and machine,” Int. Agric. Eng. J., 2019.

H.-B. Nguyen, D.-L. Pham, and V.-L. Nguyen, “A Study on the Breaking and Winnowing Machine for Cocoa Beans at Small Industrial Scale in Vietnam,” Int. J. Adv. Sci. Eng. Inf. Technol., vol. 9, no. 1, p. 329, Feb. 2019.

T.-A. Bui, V.-H. Pham, H.-B. Nguyen, T.-P. Nguyen, and D.-K. Nguyen, “Study of Using Cassava Pulp to Produce Livestock Feed Pellet,” Int. J. Adv. Sci. Eng. Inf. Technol, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 242–249, 2018.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development