Technological Perspective for Reducing Emissions from Marine Engines

Anh Tuan Hoang, Van Viet Pham


Climate change and adverse impacts on the ocean environment have recently received much attention in the shipping and marine economic sectors. Preventing pollution of the marine environment from land sources through the river or atmospheric water is only possible by applying clean industrial technologies without waste and methods for rational use of natural resources. Main technical facilities to protect the sea environment from the current pollution are used to remove toxic substances from waste sources of ships. The International Maritime Organization increasingly tightens regulations on emissions with marine transport fleets, especially emissions of NOx and SOx. Therefore, many countries in the world continually improve and develop marine diesel engines in the direction of reducing emissions with different technologies. It is a tremendous necessary to enrich the technological knowledge to select new energy equipment in shipbuilding because they play a vital role in ensuring emission standards throughout the life of the ship. Indeed, technology development orientation in coastal countries' marine industry with the initial study results on the use of extraction optimization measures, alternative fuels, and output emission control solutions, it shows that we can implement some technologies to achieve NOx and SOx reduction according to IMO regulations. This paper summarizes the most important recent development technologies in the world in the field of marine engines. Also, the authors assessed the possibility of applying these new technologies to fleets of coastal countries to meet environmental requirements.


marine environment protection; marine engines; the technology of reducing emissions; SCR.

Full Text:



S. Karthikeyan, “An environmental effect of Vitis vinifera biofuel blends in a marine engine,” Energy Sources, Part A Recover. Util. Environ. Eff., vol. 38, no. 21, pp. 3262–3267, Nov. 2016.

A. T. Hoang, A. T. Le, and V. V. Pham, “A core correlation of spray characteristics, deposit formation, and combustion of a high-speed diesel engine fueled with Jatropha oil and diesel fuel,” Fuel, vol. 244, pp. 159–175, 2019.

T. R. Walker et al., Environmental Effects of Marine Transportation, Second Edi. Elsevier Ltd., 2019.

V. V. Pham, “Advanced Technology Solutions For Treatment And Control Noxious Emission Of Large Marine Diesel Engines : A Brief Review,” J. Mech. Eng. Res. Dev. ( JMERD ), vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 21–27, 2019.

O. Schinas and C. N. Stefanakos, “Selecting technologies towards compliance with MARPOL Annex VI: The perspective of operators,” Transp. Res. Part D Transp. Environ., vol. 28, pp. 28–40, 2014.

V. D. Tran, A. T. Le, V. H. Dong, and A. T. Hoang, “Methods of operating the marine engines by ultra-low sulfur fuel to aiming to satisfy MARPOLAnnex VI,” Adv. Nat. Appl. Sci., vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 34–40, 2017.

Y. Qian, S. Sun, D. Ju, X. Shan, and X. Lu, “Review of the state-of-the-art of biogas combustion mechanisms and applications in internal combustion engines,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 69, pp. 50–58, 2017.

P. Geng et al., “Experimental investigation on NOx and green house gas emissions from a marine auxiliary diesel engine using ultralow sulfur light fuel,” Sci. Total Environ., vol. 572, pp. 467–475, 2016.

P. Geng et al., “Combustion characteristics and NOx emissions of a waste cooking oil biodiesel blend in a marine auxiliary diesel engine,” Appl. Therm. Eng., vol. 115, pp. 947–954, 2017.

Y. Zhu et al., “Combustion and emission characteristics for a marine low-speed diesel engine with high-pressure SCR system,” Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res., pp. 1–15, 2019.

I. Panasiuk and L. Turkina, “The evaluation of investments efficiency of SOx scrubber installation,” Transp. Res. Part D Transp. Environ., 2015.

M. Norhafana et al., “A review of the performance and emissions of nano additives in diesel fuelled compression ignition-engines,” in IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 2018, vol. 469, no. 1, p. 12035.

A. T. Hoang and V. V. Pham, “A study of emission characteristic, deposits, and lubrication oil degradation of a diesel engine running on preheated vegetable oil and diesel oil,” Energy Sources, Part A Recover. Util. Environ. Eff., vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 611–625, 2019.

M. Puškár, M. Kopas, D. Puškár, J. Lumnitzer, and E. Faltinová, “Method for reduction of the NOX emissions in marine auxiliary diesel engine using the fuel mixtures containing biodiesel using HCCI combustion,” Mar. Pollut. Bull., vol. 127, no. X, pp. 752–760, 2018.

H. Hu, H. Huang, Z. W. Zeng, J. L. Zhang, S. Annanurov, and Q. Z. Zhao, “The formation of NOx during sintering,” Energy Sources, Part A Recover. Util. Environ. Eff., vol. 39, no. 12, pp. 1228–1234, Jun. 2017.

L. Wei, R. Cheng, H. Mao, P. Geng, Y. Zhang, and K. You, “Combustion process and NOx emissions of a marine auxiliary diesel engine fuelled with waste cooking oil biodiesel blends,” Energy, vol. 144, pp. 73–80, 2018.

P. Glarborg, J. A. Miller, B. Ruscic, and S. J. Klippenstein, “Modeling nitrogen chemistry in combustion,” Progress in Energy and Combustion Science. 2018.

S. S. Reham, H. H. Masjuki, M. A. Kalam, I. Shancita, I. M. R. Fattah, and A. M. Ruhul, “Study on stability , fuel properties , engine combustion , performance and emission characteristics of biofuel emulsion,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 52, pp. 1566–1579, 2015.

H. H. Şahin, “Development of a different catalytic oxidation selection of heavy-duty diesel engines with the use of alternative nanoparticles,” Energy Sources, Part A Recover. Util. Environ. Eff., pp. 1–19, Oct. 2019.

G. Bin and L. Tao, “Progress in Study of NOx Removal from Flue Gas by Non-thermal Plasma,” Nat. Environ. Pollut. Technol., vol. 16, no. 1, p. 205, 2017.

F. Di and C. Carotenuto, “Particulate matter in marine diesel engines exhausts : Emissions and control strategies,” Transp. Res. Part D, vol. 40, no. 600, pp. 166–191, 2015.

A. Anderson, Y. Devarajan, and B. Nagappan, “Effect of injection parameters on the reduction of NOx emission in neat bio-diesel fuelled diesel engine,” Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization and Environmental Effects. 2018.

P. Aakko-Saksa, “Control measures of black carbon emissions from marine diesel engines-focus on results obtained using measurement methods selected by the IMO,” 2018.

J.-G. Nam, “A Brief Background Based on Recent IMO MEPC on Performance and Emissions of Marine Diesel Engines,” Mar. Eng., vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 293–296, 2018.

F. Di Natale et al., “New technologies for marine diesel engine emission control,” in Chemical Engineering Transactions, 2013.

J. Li, Y. Han, G. Mao, and P. Wang, “Optimization of exhaust emissions from marine engine fueled with LNG/diesel using response surface methodology,” Energy Sources, Part A Recover. Util. Environ. Eff., pp. 1–13, Apr. 2019.

M. Haridass and M. Jayaraman, “Performance of multi-cylinder diesel engine fueled with mahua biodiesel using Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) technique,” Energy Sources, Part A Recover. Util. Environ. Eff., vol. 40, no. 16, pp. 1910–1918, Aug. 2018.

C. Solaimuthu and P. Govindarajan, “Performance Evaluation of a Urea-water Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) for a Diesel Engine with Mahua Bio Diesel,” Energy Sources, Part A Recover. Util. Environ. Eff., vol. 37, no. 13, pp. 1424–1431, Jul. 2015.

S. B. Jakobsen, “Service Experience of MAN B&W Two Stroke Diesel Engines,” 28th CIMAC World Congr., 2016.

A. K. Hasannuddin et al., “Nano-additives incorporated water in diesel emulsion fuel: Fuel properties, performance and emission characteristics assessment,” Energy Convers. Manag., vol. 169, pp. 291–314, 2018.

K. A. Abed, M. S. Gad, A. K. El Morsi, M. M. Sayed, and S. A. Elyazeed, “Effect of biodiesel fuels on diesel engine emissions,” Egypt. J. Pet., 2019.

M. B&W, “Emission Control MAN B & W Two-stroke Diesel Engines Contents :,” Flame Marine, 2010. .

Z. Wang, S. Zhou, Y. Feng, and Y. Zhu, “Investigation of EGR with EGB (exhaust gas bypass) on low speed marine diesel engine performance and emission characteristics,” in ASME 2017 36th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, 2017, p. V07BT06A005-V07BT06A005.

W. Zhong, J. Yang, L. Ruina, and L. Shuai, “Gas emissions and particulate matter of non-road diesel engine fueled with F-T diesel with EGR,” Energy Sources, Part A Recover. Util. Environ. Eff., vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 542–555, Mar. 2019.

Ö. Can, E. Öztürk, H. Solmaz, F. Aksoy, C. Çinar, and H. S. Yücesu, “Combined effects of soybean biodiesel fuel addition and EGR application on the combustion and exhaust emissions in a diesel engine,” Appl. Therm. Eng., vol. 95, pp. 115–124, 2016.

S. Wei, Z. Song, C. Wu, and X. Qu, “Study of dual closed-loop control strategy of exhaust gas recirculation for diesel engines,” Energy Sources, Part A Recover. Util. Environ. Eff., vol. 41, no. 11, pp. 1380–1390, Jun. 2019.

J. Thangaraja and C. Kannan, “Effect of exhaust gas recirculation on advanced diesel combustion and alternate fuels - A review,” Applied Energy. 2016.

M. Guo, Z. Fu, D. Ma, N. Ji, C. Song, and Q. Liu, “A Short Review of Treatment Methods of Marine Diesel Engine Exhaust Gases,” Procedia Eng., vol. 121, pp. 938–943, 2015.

E. A. Bouman, E. Lindstad, A. I. Rialland, and A. H. Strømman, “State-of-the-art technologies, measures, and potential for reducing GHG emissions from shipping – A review,” Transp. Res. Part D Transp. Environ., vol. 52, pp. 408–421, 2017.

S. Horvath, M. Fasihi, and C. Breyer, “Techno-economic analysis of a decarbonized shipping sector: Technology suggestions for a fleet in 2030 and 2040,” Energy Convers. Manag., vol. 164, no. x, pp. 230–241, 2018.

J. P. Hansen, J. Kaltoft, F. Bak, J. Gortz, M. Pedersen, and C. Underwood, Reduction of SO2, NOx and Particulate Matter from Ships with Diesel Engines, no. 1510. 2014.

M. Issa, H. Ibrahim, A. Ilinca, and M. Y. Hayyani, “A Review and Economic Analysis of Different Emission Reduction Techniques for Marine Diesel Engines,” Open J. Mar. Sci., vol. 09, no. 03, pp. 148–171, 2019.

X. Zeng and D. Tang, “The research on urea nozzle optimization of marine selective catalyst reduction (SCR) system to reduce NOx from marine diesel engines,” Nat. Environ. Pollut. Technol., 2016.

M. Li, “Haze pollution control strategies in China from the perspective of energy conservation and emission reduction,” Nat. Environ. Pollut. Technol., 2016.

Y. Sun, E. Zwolińska, and A. G. Chmielewski, “Abatement technologies for high concentrations of NO x and so 2 removal from exhaust gases: A review,” Crit. Rev. Environ. Sci. Technol., vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 119–142, 2016.

H. Winnes, L. Styhre, and E. Fridell, “Reducing GHG emissions from ships in port areas,” Res. Transp. Bus. Manag., vol. 17, pp. 73–82, 2015.

J. He, H. Chen, L. Geng, B. Xie, X. Zhao, and P. Zhang, “Investigation on combustion and emission characteristics of diesel and gasoline blends with exhaust gas recirculation,” Energy Sources, Part A Recover. Util. Environ. Eff., pp. 1–15, Aug. 2019.

B. Y. Yoo, “Economic assessment of liquefied natural gas (LNG) as a marine fuel for CO2 carriers compared to marine gas oil (MGO),” Energy, 2017.

F. Burel, R. Taccani, and N. Zuliani, “Improving sustainability of maritime transport through utilization of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) for propulsion,” Proc. 25th Int. Conf. Effic. Cost, Optim. Simul. Energy Convers. Syst. Process. ECOS 2012, vol. 8, no. October 1983, pp. 102–118, 2012.

H. Lindstad, B. E. Asbjørnslett, and A. H. Strømman, “The importance of economies of scale for reductions in greenhouse gas emissions from shipping,” Energy Policy, vol. 46, pp. 386–398, 2012.

V. V. Pham, “Research on the application of Diesel-Rk in the calculation and evaluation of technical and economic criteria of marine diesel engines using the unified ULSD and Biodiesel blended fuel,” J. Mech. Eng. Res. Dev., vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 87–97, 2019.

E. Ekanem Attah and R. Bucknall, “An analysis of the energy efficiency of LNG ships powering options using the EEDI,” Ocean Eng., 2015.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development