Strategic Analysis of Turbine Manufacturing Development in Achieving Required Local Content
The government of Indonesia has set up an electricity development program of 35,000 Mega Watt (MW) to provide adequate electricity infrastructure so that the 100% electrification ratio can be achieved. The construction of the development of power infrastructure has implications for the demand for reliable electrical components, which supports upstream to downstream industries. The turbine is one of the major components in electricity infrastructure which requires the supply of mechanical energy as the driving force. Despite its market potential, the turbine is a relatively high imported component, and this indicates the importance of fostering the development of turbine technology in Indonesia. The main objective of this study is to examine the capability of national turbine industries and research institutions in formulating policy recommendations to increase the use of the local content, called Tingkat Kemampuan Dalam Negeri (TKDN), in turbine manufacturing industries following the provisions stipulated in the Ministerial Decree No.54/M-IND/PER/03/2012 on Guidelines for Use of Products of State for Infrastructure Development in Electricity. This study applies SWOT and Balanced Scorecard, focusing on the analysis of capabilities of the turbine industry and identifying the mastery of turbine technology by various research and development institutions in Indonesia. The result of the study shows that the degree of BSC performance level in implementing the TKDN improvement strategy in the turbine industry is considered as less successful, therefore, short-term and long-term policy recommendation needs to be implemented to expedite the increase of TKDN.
PT PLN (Persero), Rencana Usaha Penyediaan Tenaga Listrik (RUPTL) PT PLN Persero tahun 2017-2026, PLN, 2017
DJK KESDM, “TKDN Ketenagalistrikan”, in FGD Kajian Kemampuan Industri Turbin di Indonesia”, Jakarta, 2015
Pusdatin ESDM, Handbook of Energy and Economic Statistic of Indonesia, Jakarta, 2014
B2TE BPPT, “Mapping Kemampuan Industri Nasional dalam Mendukung Pembangunan Pembangkit 35.000 MW”, in FGD Kajian Kemampuan Industri Turbin di Indonesia, 2015
R. Sitompul. "Policy Analysis of Turbine Industry Development through Increasing Domestic Component Level (TKDN)." Kemenristekdikti, Jakarta, 2015.
Ministry of Industry (MOI), Road Map Pengembangan Klaster Industri Prioritas Basis Industri Manufaktur Tahun 2010 – 2014, Jakarta, 2009.
(2018) Monitorjakarta.com [Online]. Available: http://www.monitorjakarta.com/2018/03/capaian-tkdn-pembangkit-listrik-program-35-000-mw-masih-rendah/
(2018) Energy on Petrominer. [Online]. Available: https://petrominer.com/mki-dorong-peningkatan-tkdn-di-proyek-35-000-mw/.
(2018) Kontan.co.id website. [Online]. Available: https://industri.kontan.co.id/news/soal-tkdn-pln-masih-evaluasi-proyek-35000-mw.
(2015) Ministry of Industry (MOI), Siaran PERS homepage on Kemeperin. [Online]. Available: http://www.kemenperin.go.id/artikel/12711/Menperin:-Dongkrak-TKDN,-Industri-Siap-Penuhi-Proyek-Listrik-35000-MW.
Tambunan, B. “Kajian Kemampuan Industri Turbin Indonesia: Hasil Riset PTIM-BPPT” in FGD Kajian Kemampuan Industri Turbin, Kemenristek Dikti, 2015.
F. Rangkuti, SWOT Balanced Scorecard: Teknik Menyusun Strategi Korporat yang Efektif Plus Cara Mengelola Kinerja dan, Jakarta, 2013.
C, W. L. Hill, G. R. Jones, Essentials of Strategic Management, 2011.
(2018) Mindtools.com [Online]. Available: https://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newSTR_89.htm
F. R. David, Strategic Management: Concept and Cases, 13th ed., S. Yagan, E. Svendsen, K. Norbuta, Ed. New Jersey, USA: Prentice-Hall, 2011
H. Koontz, H. Weihrich: Essentials Management: An International, Innovation, and Leadership, 10e Perspective, 1st e-book ed., L. Singh, Ed. New Delhi, India: McGraw-Hill Education (India) Private Limited, 2015.
R. S. Kaplan, “Conceptual Foundations of the Balanced Scorecard,” Working Paper of Harvard Business School, 2010.
S. Zhang, C. Zhu, J. K. O. Sin, and P. K. T. Mok, “The balanced scorecard as an integrated model applied to the Portuguese public service: a case study in the waste sector,” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 24, pp 20-29, 2012.
PT PLN (Persero), “Kajian Strategis Program Pengembangan Ketenagalistrikan Nasional Dalam Rangka Pemberdayaan Industri Lokal” in FGD Kajian Kemampuan Industri Turbin di Indonesia, Jakarta, 2015.
Ministry of Finance (MOF), “Fasilitas Fiskal Industri Turbin di Indonesia”, in FGD Kajian Kemampuan Industri Turbin di Indonesia, Jakarta, 2015
- There are currently no refbacks.
Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development