Effect of Indigenous Rhizobacteria and Manure on the Growth and Yield of Red Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) in Solok, West Sumatera

Indra Dwipa, Winda Purnama Sari, - Warnita

Abstract


Potato is important food for half population of the world particularly population in Europe and America. Beside it is as carbohydrate source, potato can be used as main food for diabetes people, replaces the rice due to it contains low calories. In developed countries, particularly in Indonesia, it is also as diversify food for medium and highland people. The research was conducted in Selayo Tanang Buki Sileh, Lembang Jaya, Solok regency, West Sumatera, Indonesia from May to August 2017. The research aimed to study the interaction between indigenous rhizobacteria and manure to the growth and yield of red potato. The factorial design in Completely ranzomized design (CRD) with 2 factors was used in this reserach.  The first factor was rhizobacteria isolates (no isolate, A2.1b2; A3.1a5; B1.2a2) and the second factor was the manure with dose 30 ton/ hectare (chicken, quail, and cattle). The potato variety that used in the assay was PING 06. The data was analyzed by analysis of variance with Honestly Significant Difference/HSD test in 5%. Generally, the result showed that there was no interaction between rhizobacteria isolates and manure to growth and  yield of red potato. A2.1b2 was the best isolate for fresh weight of tuber per plant, per plot and per hectare of red potato plant and chicken manure could increase the growth and yield of  red potato plant (11.73 ton/hectare). 


Keywords


growth; manure; potato; rhizobacteria; yield.

Full Text:

PDF

References


J.L. Whitworth, R.A. Selstedt, A.A.G. Westra, P. Nolte, K. Duellman, S.K.R Yellareddygari, N.C. Gudmestad, “ Symptom expression of mainstream and specialty potato cultivars to Bacterial ring root (Clavibacter sepedonicus) and evaluation of in-field detection,” American Journal of Potato Reseacrh, vol. 96, issue 4, pp. 427-444, June 2019

H. Kesaulya, Baharuddin, B. Zakaria, S.A. Syaiful, “ Morphological characteristics of potato (Solanum tuberosom L.) variety Hartapel origin south Buru-Moluccas,” International Journal of Current Research in Bioscience and Plant Biology, vol. 2, issue 2, pp. 15-21, February. 2015

C. Wibowo, K. Wijaya, G.H. Sumartono, E. Pawelzik, “ Effect of potassium level on quality traits of Indonesian potato tubers,” Asian Pasific Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Food and Energy, vol. 2, issue 1, pp. 11-16, March 2014

K. A. Beals, “ Potato, Nutrition and health ,” American Journal of Potato Research, vol. 96, pp. 102-110, December 2018

D.G. Omayio, G.O. Abong, M.W. Akoth, “ A review of occurrence if glycoalkaloids in potato and potato products,” Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science, vol. 4, issue 3, pp. 195-202, November 2018

Food and Agricultural Organization of The United Nations (2014) [Online]. Available: http://faostat3.fao.org

Statistics Indonesia, “ Potato production in West Sumatera,” Statistics Indonesia, July 2019

J. Lachman, K. Hamouz, “ Red and purple coloured potatoes as a significant antioxidant source in humant nutrition,” Plant Soil Environment, vol. 51, issue 11, pp. 477-482, June 2005

Statistics Indonesia, “Potato production of Indonesia”, Statistics Indonesia, July 2019

Badan Pusat Statitik Kabupaten Solok, “ Produksi kentang Kabupaten Solok 2018,” Badan Pusat Statistik, Juli 2019

A.C. Gange, K. R. Gadhave, “ Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria promote plant size inequality,” Scientific Reports, vol. 8, pp. 1-10, September 2018

R. Backer, J.S Rokem, G. Ilangumaran, J. Lamont, D. Praslickova, E. Ricci, S. Subramanian, D.L. Smith, “ Plant-Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria: Context, mechanisms of action, and road map to commercialization of biostimulants for sustainable agriculture,” Frontiers in Plant Science, vol. 9, pp. 1-17, October 2018

M. Ahemad, M. Kibret, “ Mechanisms and Applications of plant-growth promoting rhizobacteria : Current perspective, “ Journal of King Saudi University, vol. 26, pp. 1-20, May 2013

A. Gunez, K. Karagoz, M. Turan, R. Kotan, E. Yildirim, R. Cakmakci, F. Sahin, “ Fertilizer Efficiency of Some Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria for Plant Growth, “ Reserach Journal of Soil Biology, vol. 7, issue 2, pp. 28-45, June 2015

R.J. Akinrinrola, G.Y. Yuen, R.A. Drijber, A.O. Adesemoye, “ Evaluation of Bacillus strains for plant growth promotion and predictability of efficacy by In-vitro physiological traits,” International Journal of Microbiology, vol. 2018, pp. 1-11, October 2018

J.K. Vessey, “ Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria as biofertilizers, “ Plant and Soil, vol. 225, issue 2, pp. 571-586, August 2003

M. Veerapagu, K.R. Jeya, R. Priya, N. Vetrikodi, “ Isolation and screening of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria from rhizosphere of chilli,” Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phyrochemistry, “ vol. 7, issue 4, pp. 3444-3448, June 2018

J.F.M. Passos, P.B. Costa, M.D. Costa, G.R. Zaffari, G. Nava, J.I. Boneti, A.M.R. Oliveira, L.M.P. Passaglia, “ Cultivable bacteria isolated from apple trees cultivated under different crop systems: Diversity and antagonistic activity against Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, “ Genetics and Molecular Biology, vol. 37, issue 3, pp. 560-572, September 2014

A.T. Wahyudi, J.A. Priyanto, R. Afrista, D. Kurniawati, R.I. Astuti, A. Akhdiya, “ Plant growth promoting activity of Actinomycetes Isolated form soybean rhizosphere, Journal of Biological Science, vol. 19, issue 1, pp. 1-8, January 2019

H. Wang, H. Li, M. Zhang, Y. Song, J. Huang, H. Huang, M. Shao, Y. Liu, “ Carbon dots enhance the nitrogen fixation activity of Azetobacter chroococcum, “ Applied Materials and Interfaces, vol. 10, issue 19, pp. 16308-16314, May 2018

H. Yolcu, M. Turan, A. Lithourgidis, R. Camakci, A. Koc, “ Effects of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria and manure on yield and quality characteristics of Italian ryegrass under semi arid conditions, “ Australian Journal of Crop Science, vol. 5, issue 13, pp. 1730-1736, December 2011

S.T. Mahabub, M.S.H. Khan, H.E.M.K. Mazed, S. Sarker, M.H. Tareque, “ Effect of cow manure on growth, yield and nutrient content of Mungbean, “ Asian Research Journal of Agriculture, vol. 2, issue 1, pp. 1-6, October 2016

T. Supaddit, L.Sangla, N. Sunthorn, “ Effects of pelleting on fertilizer quality of quail litter, “ African Journal of Agricultural Research, vol. 6, issue 27, pp. 5940-5947, October 2011

K. Rymuza, E. Radzka, T. Lenartowicz, “ Effect of weather condition on early potato yields in East-Central Poland,” Communication in Biometry and Crop Science, vol. 10, issue 2, pp. 65-72, August 2015

U. Flugge, P. Westhoff, D. Leister, “ Recent advances in understanding photosynthesis,” F1000 Research, vol. 5, pp. 1-10

S.C.v. Martins, K.C. Detmann, J.V. Reis, L.F. Pereira, L.M.V.P. Sanglard, M. Rogalski, F.M. Damatta, “ Photosynthetic induction and activity of enzymes related to carbon metabolism: insights into the varying net photosynthesis rates of coffe sun and shade leaves, “ Theoretical and Experimental Plant Physiology, vol. 25, issue 1, pp. 62-69, January 2013

S.J. Leghari, N.A. Wahocho, G.M. Laghari, A.H. Laghari, G.M. Bhabhan, K.H. Talpur, T.A. Bhutto, S.A. Wahocho, A.A. Lashari, “ Role of nitrogen for plant grwoth and development : A review, “ Advances in Environmental Biology, vol. 10, issue 9, pp. 209-218, September 2016

J.S. Hamdani, A. Nuraini, S. Mubarok, “ The use of Paclobutrazol and shading net on growth and yield of potato ‘medians’ tuber of G2 in medium land in Indonesia, “ Journal of Agronomy, vol. 17, issue 1, pp. 62-67, January 2018

Y. Gao, L. Jia, B. Hu, A. Alva, M . Fan, “ Potato Stolon and tuber growth influenced by nitrogen,” Plant Production Science, vo. 17, issue 2, pp. 138-143, August 2013

W.Q Yu, Y.Q. Wang, Y. J. Wang, H. L. Zhang, B. Wang, Y. Liu, “ Effect of precipitation and biomass accumulation and referring to splah erotion status in five typical evergreen tree species in humid moonson climatic region of subtropical hill-land, “ Journal of Central South University, vol. 22, issue 10, pp. 3798-3805, October 2015

C. Suh, S.S. Meka, A.F. Ngome, D.A. Neba, I.T. Kemngwa, A.D. Sonkouat, D. Njualem, “ Effect of organic and inorganic fertilizers on growth and yield of potato (Solanum tuberosom L.) in Western Highland of Cameroon, “ International Journal of Development Research, vol. 5, issue 2, pp. 1-5 February 2015

Moehninsi, D.A. Navarre, “ Optimization of hairy root induction in Solanum tuberosum,” American Journal of Potato Research, vol. 95, issue 6, pp. 650-658, December 2018

C. Phandey, V.K. Bajpai, Y.K. Negi, I.A. Rather, D.K. Maheswari, “ Effect of plant growth promoting Bacillus spp. On nutritional properties of Amaranthus hypochondriacus grains, “ Saudi Journal of Biological Science, vol. 25, issue 6, pp. 1066-1071, March 2018

Y Cao, H. Pi, P. Chandrangsu, Y. Li, Y. Wang, H. Zhou, H. Xiong, J.D. Helman, “ Antagonism of Two Plant-Growth Promoting Bacillus velezensis Isolates Against Ralstonia solanacearum and Fusarium oxysporum,” Scientific reports, vol. 8, pp. 1-14, January 2018.

J. Nyiraneza, B. Bizimungu, A.J. Messiga, K.D. Fuller, S.A..E. Fillmore, Y. Jiang, “ Potato yield and phosphorus use efficiency of two new potato cultivars in New Brunswick, Canada,” Canadian Journal of Plant Science, vol. 97, pp. 784-795, January 2017

R.M. Gamez, F. Rogriguez, S. Ramirez, Y. Gomez, R. Agarwala, D. Landsman, L.M. Ramirez, “ Genome sequence of banana plant growth promoting rhizobacterium Pesudomonas flourescens PS006, “ Genome Announcements, vol. 4, issue 3, pp. 1-2, May 2016

A. Nookaraju, S. Kappachery, J.W. Yu, S.W. Park,” Rhizobacteria Influence Potato Tuberization Through Enhancing Lipoxygenase Activity, “ American Journal of Potato Research, vol. 88, pp. 441-449, October 2011

E.E. Oldfield, M.A. Bradford, S.A. Wood, “ Global meta analysis of the relationship between soil organic matter and crops yield, “ Soil, vol. 5, pp. 15-35, May 2019

D.A. McGranahan, A.L. Daigh, J.J. Veenstra, D.M. Engle, J.R. Miller, D.M. Debinski, “ Connecting soil organic carbon and root biomass with and use vegetation in temperature grassland, “ The scientific World Journal, vol. 2014, pp. 1-9, October 2014

M. Li, R. Guo, F. Yu, X. Chen, H. Zhao, H. Li, J. Wu, “ Indole-3-acetic acid biosynthesis pathways in the plant beneficial bacterium Arthrobacter pascens ZZ21,” International Journal of Molecular Sciences, vol. 19, issue 2, pp. 443, February 2018

A. Karnwal, A. Dohroo, “ Effect of maize root exudates on indole-3-acetic acid production by rice endophytic bacteria under influence of L-tryptophan ,” F1000 Research, vol. 7, issue 112, pp. 1-9, February 2018

A. Karnwal, “ Production of indole acetic acid by flourescent Pesudomonas in the presence of L-Tryptophan and rice root exudates, “ Journal of Plant Pathology, vol. 91, issue 1, pp. 61-63, March 2009

T. Jayasudha, R. Rangeshwaran, N.V. Vajid, “ Relationship between indole acetic acid production by flourescent Pesudomonas and plant growth promotion,” Journal of Biological Control, vol. 24, issue 4, pp. 349-359, August 2010

N.R. Knowles, L.O. Knowles, “ Manipulating stem number, tuber set, and yield relatiosnhip for nothern and southern grown potato seed lots, “ Crop Science, vol. 46, pp. 284-296, January 2006

L.L.S.R. Sales, S.O. Jadoski, C.D.G. Maciel, A. Suchoronczek, C.J. Jadoski, “ Management of ridging and plant spacing on yield and characteristics of potato tubers, “ Brazilian Journal of Applied Technology for Agricultural Science, vol. 8, issue 1, pp. 15-25, April 2015

Y. Bashan, L.E.D. Bashan, “ Fresh-weight measurements of roots provide inaccurate estimates of the effects of plant growth-promoting bacteria on root growth: a critical examination, “ Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 37, pp. 1795-1804, February 2005

K.A. Tsukanova, V.K. Chebotar, J.J.M. Meyer, T.N. Bibikova, “ Effect of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria on plant hormone homeostatis, “ South Africa Journal of Botany, vol. 113, pp. 91-102, November 2017

M.C. Enebe, O.O. Babalola, “ The influence of plant promoting rhizobacteria in plant tolerance to abiotic stress : a survival strategy, “ Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 102, issue 18, pp. 7821-7835, July 2018




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.9.4.9385

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development