Particle Size Effect on Mechanical and Physical Properties of Rice Straw Epoxy Resin Particleboard
Rice straw is one of the agricultural residues that can be used to form a composite such as particleboard. In this study, the effect of rice straw particle size on the mechanical and physical properties of rice straw epoxy resin particleboard has been investigated. The rice straw particles sizes were varied for 40 mesh, 50 mesh, and 60 mesh. The ratio of rice straw to epoxy resin was also varied for 80 : 20 vol.%, 85 : 15 vol.%, 90 : 10 vol.%, and 95 : 5 vol.%. Our results revealed that the mechanical properties (modulus of elasticity, modulus of rupture, and tensile strength) of particleboard strongly depend on the rice straw particle size. This behavior is the same for the physical properties (density and water absorption) of particleboard. The highest flexural strength (modulus of rupture), elastic modulus, and tensile strength of rice straw epoxy resin particleboard are obtained at the 50 mesh of rice straw particle size with its value of 6.15 kgf/mm2, 3280 kgf/mm2, and 0.60 kgf/mm2, respectively. However, the highest density is obtained at the 60 mesh of rice straw particle size, which is 0.87 g/cm3. The lowest water absorption (23%) is also obtained at the 60 mesh of rice straw particle size. Our finding indicates that the particle size plays a vital role in the reinforcement of particleboard.
Rice Market Monitor 2018 FAO Vol XXI (http://www.fao.org/3/i9243en/I9243EN.pdf).
J. L. Bowyer and V. E. Stockmann, “Agricultural residues: An exciting bio-based raw material for the global panels industry,” Forest Products Journal, vol. 51, pp. 10 – 21, 2001.
T. O. Odozi, O. Akaranta, and P. N. Ejike, “Particle boards from agricultural wastes,” Agricultural Wastes, vol. 16, pp. 237-240, 1986.
S. L. De Castro Junior, N. M. Garzon Barrero, D. Williams, and J. Fiorelli, “Particleboards with Agricultural Wastes: Sugar Cane Bagasse and Reforestation Wood,” Key Engineering Materials, vol. 600, pp. 667-676, 2014.
E. Archanowicz, G. Kowaluk, W. Niedzinski, and P. Beer, “Properties of Particleboards Made of Biocomponents from Fibrous Chips and FEM Modeling,” BioResources, vol. 8, pp. 6220-6230, 2013.
M. Yasin, A. W. Bhutto, A. A. Bazmi, and S.Karim, “Efficient Utilization of Rice-Wheat Straw to Produce Value-added Composite Products,” International Journal of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, vol 1, pp. 136 - 143, 2010.
M. Taniguchi, M. Tanaka, R. Matsuno, and T. Kamikubo, “Evaluation of Chemical Pretreatment for Enzymatic Solubilization of Rice Straw,” European Journal of Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol.14, pp. 35-39, 1982.
M. H. Akyldiz, H. I. Kesik, M. Oncel, and C. Olgun, “Evaluation Possibilities of Rice Straw in Particleboard Industry,” PRO LIGNO, vol. 11, pp. 130 – 137, 2015.
Han Seung Yang, Dae Jun Kim, and Hyun Joong Kim, “Rice straw-wood particle composite for sound absorbing wooden construction materials,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 86, pp. 117 – 121, 2003.
C. Gonçalvesac, J. Pereiraab, N. T. Paivac, J. M. Ferrac, J. Martinsad, F. Magalhãesa, A. Barros-Timmonse, L. Carvalhoad, “Statistical evaluation of the effect of urea-formaldehyde resins synthesis parameters on particleboard properties,” Polymer Testing, vol. 68, pp. 193-200, 2018.
Aizat Ghani, Zaidon Ashaari, Paiman Bawona, Seng HuaLee, “Reducing formaldehyde emission of urea formaldehyde-bonded particleboard by addition of amines as formaldehyde scavenger,” Building and Environment, vol. 142, pp. 188-194, 2018.
Ejiogu Ibe Kevin, Odiji Mary Ochanya, Ayejagbara Mosunmade Olukemi, Shekarri Tachye Ninas Bwanhot, Ibeneme Uche, “Mechanical Properties of Urea Formaldehyde Particle Board Composite,” American Journal of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, vol. 2, pp. 10-15, 2018.
Japanese Industrial Standard for particleboard, JIS A 5908, 2003. Available online: http://www.questin.org/sites/default/files/intl-codes/jis.a.5908.e.2003.pdf
Clayton A. May, Epoxy Resins: Chemistry and Technology, Second ed., New York, Marcel Dekker Inc., 1987.
Hala A.Salem, N.S.M. El-Tayeb, “The Impact of Rice Straw Micro Fibres Reinforced Epoxy Composite on Tensile Strength and Break Strain,” International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Volume 5, Issue 10, pp. 58-63, 2014.
I. Ismail, Quratul Aini, Zulfalina, Zulkarnain Jalil, Siti Hajar Sheikh Md Fadzullah, “Mechanical and Physical Properties of the Rice Straw Particleboard with various compositions of the Epoxy Resin Matrix,” Journal of Physics: Conf. Series 1120, 012014, 2018.
Hossein Mohammadi, Seyedmohammad Mirmehdi, Lisiane Nunes Huge, “Rice Straw/Thermoplastic Composite: Effect of Filler Loading, Polymer Type and Moisture Absorption on the Performance,” CERNE, vol 22, no. 4, pp 449-456, 2016
Xianjun Li, Zhiyong Cai, J. E. Winandy, and A. H. Basta, “Selected properties of particleboard panels manufactured from rice straws of different geometries,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 101, pp. 4662-4666, 2010.
L. Astari, K. W. Prasetiyo, and L. Suryanegara, “Properties of Particleboard Made from Wood Waste with Various Size,” in IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 166 012004, 2018.
Cezarygozdecki, Stanislaw Zajchowski, Marek Kociszewski, Arnold Wilczyñski, and Jacek Mirowski, “Effect of wood particle size on mechanical properties of industrial wood particle-polyethylene composites,” POLIMERY, no. 5, pp. 375 – 380, 2011.
H. Jaya, M. F. Omar, H. M. Akil, Z. A. Ahmad, and N. K. Zulkepli, “Effect of Particle Size on Mechanical Properties of Sawdust-High Density Polyethylene Composites under Various Strain Rates,” BioResources, vol. 11, pp. 6489 – 6504, 2016.
Shao-Yun Fu, Xi-Qiao Feng, Bernd Lauke, Yiu-Wing Mai, “Effects of particle size, particle/matrix interface adhesion and particle loading on mechanical properties of particulate–polymer composites,” Composites: Part B, vol. 39, pp. 933–961, 2008.
I. Ismail, Nurul Fitri, Zulfalina, Siti Hajar Sheikh Md Fadzullah, “Evaluation Possibilities to Utilize Rice Straw and Plastic Waste for Particleboard,” Journal of Physics: Conf. Series 1120, 012015, 2018.
Md. Ittihadul Islam, Atanu Kumar Das, Md. Shah Zaman, Rumana Rana, Md. Iftekhar Shams, “Using of Rice Straw (Oryza Sativa L.) for Better Purposes Fabricating and Evaluating of Physical and Mechanical Properties of Fiberboard,” International Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, Vol.2 Issue 3,pp. 93 - 96, 2014
W. Zhang, H. Sun, C. Zhu, K. Wai, Y. Zhang, Z. Fang, and Z. Ai, “Mechanical and Water-Resistant Properties of Rice Straw Fiberboard Bonded with Chemically Modified Soy Protein Adhesive,” Royal Society of Chemistry Adv. 8, pp. 15188-15195, 2018.
Ndububa E. E, Nwobodo D. C and Okeh, I. M, “Mechanical Strength of Particleboard Produced from Fonio Husk with Gum Arabic Resin Adhesive as Binder,” Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, Vol. 5, Issue 4, pp.29-33, 2015.
A. C. De Almeida, V. A. De Araujo, E. A. Morales, M. Gava, R. A. Munis, J. N. Garcia, and J. Cortez-Barbosa, “Wood-bamboo Particleboard: Mechanical Properties,” BioResources 12 (4), pp. 7784-7792, 2017.
American National Standard Institute for particleboard, ANSI 208.1, 2009.
Z. F. Farhana, H. Kamarudin, Azmi Rahmat, and A. M. Mustafa Al Bakri, “The Relationship between Water Absorption and Porosity for Geopolymer Paste,” Materials Science Forum 803, pp. 166-172, 2015.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development