The Weighting of Risk Factors for Road Infrastructure Accidents Using Analytic Hierarchy Process Method
There were 100,106 cases of traffic accidents that occurred in Indonesia in 2013, in which 26,416 people died, 28,438 people were seriously injured, and 110,448 people were mildly injured. Road infrastructure is one of the components of traffic safety. If it is not planned, designed, built and maintained properly, conditions such as poor geometry, damaged and unmaintained pavement surfaces can cause traffic accidents. Understanding of risk factors for road infrastructure accident and weighting of factors are an important step in increasing traffic safety. In addition, limited data on accidents in Indonesia also pose an obstacle in evaluating accidents. This study aims to weight risk factors for road infrastructure accident without accident data using the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) method. 40 respondents consisting of academics, practitioners, and stakeholders participated in filling out questionnaires on assessing risk factors for road infrastructure accident. The weighting results using AHP indicated that the priority ranking of accident risks from the largest to the smallest were road surface conditions, geometric conditions, road equipment, roadside hazard and road complementary buildings respectively. This study was limited to two-way, two-lane undivided urban road (4/2 UD) on straight and flat segments. Other segments and types of roads needs to be used because different types of roads have different risk factors and weights. The AHP method was used at the weighting phase without the process of assessing the existing road infrastructure.
World Health Organization, “Global Status Report on Road Safety,” 2015.
Chief of Traffic Corps Indonesian National Police, “Traffic Corps in Number 2013,” 2014.
AASHTO, Policy on geometric design of highways and streets. American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. 2011.
B. Jrew, M. Msallam, S. Khalad, and M. Abojaradeh, “Analysis and evaluation of traffic accidents for principle urban streets in arbil city in Iraq,” Diyala J. Eng. Scinces, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 118–131, 2017.
S. Mecheri, F. Rosey, and R. Lobjois, “The effects of lane width, shoulder width, and road cross-sectional reallocation on drivers’ behavioral adaptations,” Accid. Anal. Prev., vol. 104, no. December 2016, pp. 65–73, 2017.
M. K. A. Ibrahim, H. Hamid, T. H. Law, and S. V. Wong, “Evaluating the effect of lane width and roadside configurations on speed, lateral position and likelihood of comfortable overtaking in exclusive motorcycle lane,” Accid. Anal. Prev., vol. 111, no. November 2017, pp. 63–70, 2018.
N. Haghighi, X. C. Liu, G. Zhang, and R. J. Porter, “Impact of roadway geometric features on crash severity on rural two-lane highways,” Accid. Anal. Prev., vol. 111, no. November 2017, pp. 34–42, 2018.
M. T. Sarwar and P. C. Anastasopoulos, “The effect of long term non-invasive pavement deterioration on accident injury-severity rates: A seemingly unrelated and multivariate equations approach,” Anal. Methods Accid. Res., vol. 13, pp. 1–15, 2017.
S. Chen, T. U. Saeed, and S. Labi, “Impact of road-surface condition on rural highway safety: A multivariate random parameters negative binomial approach,” Anal. Methods Accid. Res., vol. 16, pp. 75–89, 2017.
C. D. Fitzpatrick, S. Samuel, and M. A. Knodler, “Evaluating the effect of vegetation and clear zone width on driver behavior using a driving simulator,” Transp. Res. Part F Traffic Psychol. Behav., vol. 42, pp. 80–89, 2016.
M. Jalayer and H. Zhou, “Evaluating the safety risk of roadside features for rural two-lane roads using reliability analysis,” Accid. Anal. Prev., vol. 93, pp. 101–112, 2016.
M. Budzynski, K. Jamroz, L. Jelinski, and M. Antoniuk, “Why are Trees Still Such a Major Hazard to Drivers in Poland ?,” in Transportation Research Procedia, 2016, vol. 14, pp. 4150–4159.
M. Uddin and N. Huynh, “Truck-involved crashes injury severity analysis for different lighting conditions on rural and urban roadways,” Accid. Anal. Prev., vol. 108, no. July 2016, pp. 44–55, 2017.
S. Bozorg Chenani, M. Maksimainen, E. Tetri, I. Kosonen, and T. Luttinen, “The effects of dimmable road lighting: A comparison of measured and perceived visibility,” Transp. Res. Part F Traffic Psychol. Behav., vol. 43, pp. 141–156, 2016.
K. Diamandouros and M. Gatscha, “Rainvision : The Impact of Road Markings on Driver Behaviour – Wet Night Visibility,” in Transportation Research Procedia, 2016, vol. 14, pp. 4344–4353.
S. G. Charlton, N. J. Starkey, and N. Malhotra, “Using road markings as a continuous cue for speed choice,” Accid. Anal. Prev., vol. 117, no. October 2017, pp. 288–297, 2018.
S. Kaplan, S. Bortei-Doku, and C. G. Prato, “The relation between the perception of safe traffic and the comprehension of road signs in conditions of ambiguous and redundant information,” Transp. Res. Part F Traffic Psychol. Behav., vol. 55, pp. 415–425, 2018.
A. Osama and T. Sayed, “Evaluating the impact of connectivity, continuity, and topography of sidewalk network on pedestrian safety,” Accid. Anal. Prev., vol. 107, no. February, pp. 117–125, 2017.
A. Galanis, G. Botzoris, and N. Eliou, “Pedestrian road safety in relation to urban road type and traffic flow,” Transp. Res. Procedia, vol. 24, pp. 220–227, 2017.
P. K. Agarwal, P. K. Patil, and R. Mehar, “A Methodology for Ranking Road Safety Hazardous Locations Using Analytical Hierarchy Process,” Procedia - Soc. Behav. Sci., vol. 104, pp. 1030–1037, 2013.
A. Pirdavani, T. Brijs, and G. Wets, “a Multiple Criteria Decision Making Approach for Prioritizing Accident Hotspots in Developing,” vol. 7671, pp. 1–17, 2009.
M. Habibian, M. Mesbah, and A. Sobhani, “Ranking of hazardous road locations in two-lane two-way Rural roads with no crash record,” ATRF 2011 - 34th Australas. Transp. Res. Forum, no. September, pp. 1–11, 2011.
L. Najib, I. Abdullah, L. Abdullah, and Z. Salleh, “Weight of road accident causes using analytic hierarchy process,” ARPN J. Sci. Technol., vol. 2, no. 2, 2012.
S. Kanuganti, R. Agarwala, B. Dutta, P. N. Bhanegaonkar, A. P. Singh, and A. K. Sarkar, “Road safety analysis using multi criteria approach: A case study in India,” Transp. Res. Procedia, vol. 25, pp. 4653–5665, 2017.
M. Sadeghpour and M. Mohammadi, “Evaluating Traffic Risk Indexes in Iran’s Rural Roads. Case Study: Ardabil-Meshkin Rural Road,” Transp. Telecommun., vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 103–112, 2018.
P. Ren, Z. Xu, and H. Liao, “Intuitionistic multiplicative analytic hierarchy process in group decision making Peijia,” Comput. Ind. Eng., vol. 101, pp. 513–524, 2016.
T. L. Saaty, “How to Make a Decision: The Analytic Hierarchy Process,” Interfaces (Providence)., vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 19–43, 1994.
M. Bertolini, M. Braglia, and G. Carmignani, “Application of the AHP methodology in making a proposal for a public work contract,” Int. J. Proj. Manag., vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 422–430, 2006.
T. L. Saaty, “How to make a decision: The Analytic Hirarchy Process,” Eur. J. Oper. Res., vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 9–26, 1990.
T. L. Saaty, “Axiomatic Foundation of the Analytic Hierarchy Process,” Manage. Sci., vol. 32, no. 7, pp. 841–855, 1986.
K. Forman, E. Peniwati, “Aggregating Individual Judgements and Priorities with the Analytic Hierarchy Process,” Eur. J. Oper. Res., vol. 108, pp. 165–169, 1998.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development