Water Harvesting System as an Alternative Appropriate Technology to Supply Irrigation on Red Oval Cherry Tomato Production

Nurpilihan Bafdal, Sophia Dwiratna

Abstract


Water harvesting is a system which starts from harvesting rainfall in the wet season and collecting it in the big torrents, as irrigation resources and applied to the crops in the dry season for increased crop production. Horticulture crops such as red oval cherry tomato is predominantly an Indonesian crops for domestic and to support agro-industry sectors, which requires effective and efficient water management practice during the growth periods.  Modification of irrigation system needs to optimize water and improve the red oval cherry tomato production. The study aims to find out water used by red oval cherry tomato with related irrigation resources from a supply of water harvesting as an appropriate technology in the dry season. The research was carried out at the greenhouse located in Universitas Padjadjaran; West Java, Indonesia from January to Mei 2017. The research method is descriptive analysis with cultivated of red oval cherry tomato and planted it on the autopot with growth media uses mixed of husk charcoal and zeolite with ratio 9:1 with 15 cm height. This study discovers that the rainwater harvesting as a source of irrigation on self-watering fertigation system using autopot can be beneficial for red oval cherry tomato yield.


Keywords


Water Harvesting; Irrigation Resources; Crop Production; Autopot Fertigation System.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Nurpilihan, S. Dwiratna, and D. R. Kendarto, “Runoff Management Technology for Integrated Dry Land Agriculture in Jatinangor Research Center West Java Indonesia,” Egypt. J. Desert Res., vol. 65, pp. 1–11, 2015.

Nurpilihan and S. Dwiratna, “Runoff Harvesting as One of Appropriate Technology in Integrated Dry Land Farming,” in Proceedings of International Conference on Appropriate Technology Development (ICATDev) 2015, 2015, pp. 39–42.

Nurpilihan, S. Dwiratna, D. R. Kendarto, and E. Suryadi, “Rainwater Harvesting As a Technological Innovation to Supplying Crop Nutrition through Fertigation,” Int. J. Adv. Sci. Eng. Inf. Technol., vol. 7, no. 5, 2017.

Nurpilihan, S. Dwiratna, and D. R. Kendarto, “Impact of Water Use on Paprika ( Capsicum annum ) by Using Fertigation and Autopot System Combined with Numerous Growing Media,” Asian J. Plant Sci., vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 149–159, 2017.

Nurpilihan, “Rainfall Harvesting as Resources of Self Watering Fertigation System with Various Growing Medias,” Int. J. Adv. Sci. Eng. Inf. Technol., vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 787–792, 2016.

P. J. Kramer and J. S. Boyer, Water Relations of Plants and Soils. California: Academic Press, 1995.

M. Kabirigi et al., “Fertigation for Environmentally Friendly Fertilizers Application : Constraints and Opportunities for Its Application in Developing Countries,” pp. 292–301, 2017.

C. Miles, J. Roozen, E. Maynard, and T. Coolong, “Fertigation in Organic Vegetable Production Systems,” Extension, pp. 1–7, 2015.

M. Treeby, S. Falivene, and M. Skewes, “Fertigation: delivering fertiliser in the irrigation water,” Primefact, no. DECEMBER 2006, p. 4, 2011.

T. Oweis and A. Hachum, “Water harvesting and supplemental irrigation for improved water productivity of dry farming systems in West Asia and North Africa,” Agric. Water Manag., vol. 80, pp. 57–73, 2006.

S. Kumar, T. Ramilan, C. A. Ramarao, C. S. Rao, and A. Whitbread, “Farm level rainwater harvesting across different agro climatic regions of India: Assessing performance and its determinants,” Agric. Water Manag., vol. 176, pp. 55–66, 2016.

R. A. Jat, S. P. Wani, K. L. Sahrawat, P. Singh, and B. . Dhaka, “Fertigation in Vegetable Crops for Higher Productivity and Resource Use Efficiency,” Indian J. Fertil., vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 22–37, 2011.

I. Papadopoulos, C. Metochis, and N. Seraphides, “Fertigation recipes for selected crops in the Mediterranean region,” Cyprus, 2011.

J. Fah, Hydroponics Made Easy : A Useful Guide for Novice and Intermediate Users of Hydroponics. Bayswater, Vic : Agromatic Corporation Pty Ltd, 1996.

B. Lancaster, Rainwater Harvesting for Drylands and Beyond, Volume 2: Water-Harvesting Earthworks, Second Pri. Tucson, Arizona: Rainsources Press, 2010.

S. Dwiratna, N. Bafdal, C. Asdak, and N. Carsono, “Study of Runoff Farming System to Improve Dryland Cropping Index in Indonesia,” Int. J. Adv. Sci. Eng. Inf. Technol., vol. 8, no. 2, 2018.

R. G. Allen, L. S. Pereira, D. Raes, and M. Smith, “Crop evapotranspiration: Guidelines for computing crop requirements,” Irrig. Drain. Pap. No. 56, FAO, no. 56, p. 300, 1998.

M. Suzuki et al., “Effects of relative humidity and nutrient supply on growth and nutrient uptake in greenhouse tomato production,” Sci. Hortic. (Amsterdam)., vol. 187, pp. 44–49, 2015.

S. E. Wortman, “Crop physiological response to nutrient solution electrical conductivity and pH in an ebb-and-flow hydroponic system,” Sci. Hortic. (Amsterdam)., vol. 194, pp. 34–42, 2015.

R. O. Darko, Y. Shouqi, Y. Haofang, L. Junping, and A. Abbey, “Calibration and validation of AquaCrop for deficit and full irrigation of tomato,” Int. J. Agric. Biol. Eng., vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 104–110, 2016.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.8.2.5468

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development