Evaluation and Optimization Based on Exergy in Kamojang Geothermal Power Plant Unit 3

Bayu Rudiyanto, Arief Wicaksono, Miftah Hijriawan


The quality of production well from the Kamojang geothermal power plant unit 3 diminishes annually, whereas there has been a substantial rise in the demand for electrical energy in the region. This research focuses on optimizing the vacuum pressure in the main condenser by employing exergy analysis, a methodology grounded in the principles of the second law of thermodynamics. Exergy analysis offers insights into each system component's exergy efficiency and irreversibility. Furthermore, an energy assessment is conducted to offer insights into each component's energy consumption or utilization. Energy and exergy rates are computed for every state and component within the power plant, encompassing the steam receiving header, separator, demister, turbine, main condenser, inter condenser, after condenser, and cooling tower. The exergy analysis findings reveal that the exergy rate derived from the production well amounts to 95327 kW, generating 52882 kW of electricity and producing a system exergy efficiency of 55.47%. The turbine experiences the highest irreversibility, totaling 12874 kW. Adjustments are made to the main condenser vacuum pressure to optimize the system, aiming to identify the optimal setting that maximizes both exergy efficiency and power output. The optimization outcomes indicate that reducing the vacuum pressure in the main condenser leads to enhanced exergy efficiency and increased power output. The optimal vacuum pressure obtained is 0.1 bar, resulting in the highest exergy efficiency and output power of 57.42% and 54738 kW, respectively, with the lowest irreversibility of 32751.07 kW.


Exergy; efficiency; irreversibility; main condenser; optimization

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.13.6.19441


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