Deployment of 5G NR Outdoor-to-Indoor at Midband and mmWave Frequency Implementation in Indonesia's Industrial Area

Alfin Hikmaturokhman, Ghina Fahira, Ray Nur Esa, Asri Wulandari Asri, Goh Khang Wen


In the world of telecommunications, there have been significant advancements in broadband access, especially with the introduction of fifth-generation cellular technology, or 5G NR. The presence of 5G may have an impact on performance. This research compares 5G NR network deployment in mid-band at the 3.5 GHz frequency and high-band at 28 GHz frequency in a 5 km2 Pulogadung industrial area. To provide reliable service, link budget calculations were conducted using the downlink outdoor-to-indoor (O2I) and uplink outdoor-to-indoor (O2I) scenarios based online of sight (LOS). The Urban Micro (UMa) propagation model was used for the 3.5 GHz frequency, while the Urban Micro (UMi) model was used for the 28 GHz frequency, both standardized by 3GPP TR 38.901. The calculation results were simulated using the Automatic Site Placement (ASP) feature in Mentum Planet Tools version 7.2.1, which provided recommendations for the new site locations. The simulations showed that the Downlink O2I-LOS scenario, which requires more sites, resulted in stronger signal strength than the Uplink O2I-LOS scenario. The highest signal strength was achieved by the downlink O2I-LOS scenario at the 3.5 GHz frequency, as indicated by an average SS-RSRP value of -91.88 dBm. On the other hand, the lowest signal strength was obtained by the uplink O2I-LOS scenario at the 28 GHz frequency, with an average SS-RSRP value of -98.11 dBm. The difference in predicted 5G SS-RSRP values is influenced by the variation in standard parameter values in the link budget for each frequency.


5G NR Deployment; broadband access; outdoor-to-indoor (O2I); midband frequency; mmWave frequency; 5G link budget; mentum planet

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