Measurement Analysis of Non-Invasive Blood Glucose On Sensor Coplanar Waveguide Loaded Square Ring Resonator with Interdigital Coupling Capacitor

Catur Ratmoko, Iryanto Laisa, Mudrik Alaydrus


This study presents the experimental results of a system with a sensor structure detecting human blood glucose levels. A microwave-based sensor is used for non-invasive blood glucose monitoring. The sensor design uses an asymmetrically loaded CPW structure as a square ring resonator with an interdigital coupling capacitor on the ground side. Simulated with a load of artificial finger tissue made from gelatin, modeled in four layers. The first layer is the skin is the outermost tissue, the next layer is fat, blood and bone. Each layer of tissue has a certain thickness size; skin (0.3mm), fat (0.2mm), blood (1.5mm), and bone (4mm). The measurement simulation is used, HFSS as modeling simulation and VNA as a measurement of the physical representation of the design results with parametric optimization methods. To verify the correlation and the expected sensitivity, media with different dielectrics were mounted on the surface of the sensor resonator with blood glucose levels of 1mg/dl, 72mg/dl, 126mg/dl, 162mg/dl and 216mg/dl. Reflection factor S11 was observed based on dielectric constant blood glucose levels (dB) fluctuations. Analysis of the data on the graph between the independent variables, namely blood glucose concentration and the dependent variable levels of S11 has an “R†correlation value of 0.97. The sensitivity level of the sensor on the S11 reflection factor with HFSS simulation averages 73.36mdB/mgdl-1 and VNA reaches 82.39mdB/mgdl-1. The results are interesting for developing a more optimal glucose sensor system.


Sensor; grounded of CPW; resonator loaded ground structure; square ring resonator with interdigital coupling capacitor; non-invasive measurement of blood glucose levels

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