Optimization and Analysis of Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) by Bacillus sp. Strain CL33 and Bacillus flexus Strain S5a from Palm Oil Mill Waste

Nur Haedar, Mutia Putri Jamaluddin, - Fahruddin, Zaraswati Dwyana, Zarlina Zainuddin, Fuad Gani, Mustika Tuwo


Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) is a biodegradable polymer that microorganisms can synthesize amidst non-optimal growth conditions with excess carbon sources. Palm oil, rich in fatty acids, serves as a carbon source for PHA synthesis. The bacterial PHA production can be influenced by carbon concentration in the growth medium. Therefore, determining the optimal concentration of palm oil as a carbon source is crucial for PHA production. Additionally, it is possible to determine the type of PHA generated by bacteria, which can then be utilized as information when processing utilizing the PHA. The experiment employed palm oil concentrations of 0.5%, 1%, and 2% and was carried out for periods of 48, 72, 96 hours. It was discovered that Bacillus sp. strain CL33 and Bacillus flexus strain S5a produced the most effective PHA at a concentration of 25 with an incubation period of 96 hours. The PHA generated by these bacteria was quantitatively analyzed through measurements of total bacterial growth, cell dry weight, and the levels of crotonic acid. PHA types were also analyzed using GC-MS, with monomers including 2-hydroxybutyrate(-2HB), 2-hydroxy-3-phenylpropionate (2H3PhP), 3-Hydroxyhexanoate (3HHx), 3-hydroxyoctanoate (3H2O), and 3-hydroxydecanoate (3HD). The Bacillus sp. strain CL33 yielded a PHA level of 92.23%. Meanwhile, Bacillus flexus strain S5a synthesized a polyhydroxyalkanoate comprising mostly 3-hydroxyhexanoate (3HHx) and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS). The monomers used were decamethyltetrasiloxane, dodecamethylpentasiloxane, hexamethylcyclotrisiloxane, octamethylpentasiloxane, and dodecamethylcyclohexasiloxane. The type of PHA produced accounted for 85.93% of the total.


Bacillus flexus S5a; Bacillus sp. CL33; polyhydroxyalkanoate; palm oil

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.13.6.18418


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