Effect of Tillage and Crop Rotation on Cereal Crops Yield in the Urals of the Nonblack Earth Zone of Russia

Elena Korepanova, Ildus Fatykhov, Chulpan Islamova, Vera Goreeva

Abstract


Proper selection of tillage system is important to increase yields. The work purpose is to assess the effectiveness of three different crop rotation and tillage systems combined with the chemistries use and repetitive sowing methods on spring wheat productive capacity and technology properties of its grains under natural conditions of the Urals in the nonblack earth zone of Russia. The study's objectives included studying the effectiveness of tillage systems in the region's conditions, evaluating the need for the use of chemicals, assessing the impact of each of the factors: meteorological conditions, soil fertility, agrotechnology, and intensification methods on wheat yield indicators. A comprehensive approach is used throughout this work. The study was carried out in 2006-2019 in the forest-steppe region of the Southern Urals (Ural Federal District of the Russian Federation). An experiment involving three influencing factors was performed: Factor 1 – the tillage system in crop rotation; Factor 2 – the chemical methods use; Factor 3 – the preceding crop presence. An inverse relationship was found between spring wheat productivity and weed share (Pearson correlation -0.83). There was a negative correlation between the distance from fallow to the plants' proportion affected by fungal rot. Their number has multiplied by more than 1.7. Depending on the preceding crop, the average yield for fallow wheat was 2.94 t per 1 ha, and for the third wheat after fallow, 1.44 t per 1 ha. The study bridged the lack of knowledge in the established task of increasing wheat yields in the Urals steppe forest territories. The three most important factors influencing wheat grain yield and quality are: 1) combined use of chemicals and fertilizers (45% contribution), availability of the forecrop, meteorological and climatic conditions, and tillage system. Consequently, the yield of spring wheat is related to the level of modern agricultural technologies development, particularly on the level of intensification required. Future similar studies should create a unified spring wheat database and allow the ability to adjust performance indicators depending on areas with different climatic conditions.

Keywords


Spring wheat; yield; intensification; chemicals use; fallow; tillage.

Full Text:

PDF

References


A. J. Schlegel, Y. Assefa, L. A. Haag, C. R. Thompson and L. R. Stone, “Long‐term tillage on yield and water use of grain sorghum and winter wheat,” Agron. J., vol. 110, no. 1, pp. 269-280, Jan. 2018, 10.2134/agronj2017.02.0104.

H. Wang, S. Wang, R. Wang, X. Wang and J. Li, “Conservation tillage increased soil bacterial diversity and improved soil nutrient status on the Loess Plateau in China,” Arch. Agron. Soil Sci., vol. 66, no. 11, pp. 1509-1519, Oct. 2020, 10.1080/03650340.2019.1677892.

A. I. Altukhov, Grain market in Russia at the turn of the century, Moscow, Russia: AMB-agro, 2000, pp. 12-15.

R. C. Schwartz, A. J. Schlegel, J. M. Bell, R. L. Baumhardt and S. R. Evett, “Contrasting tillage effects on stored soil water, infiltration and evapotranspiration fluxes in a dryland rotation at two locations,” Soil Tillage Res., vol. 190, pp. 157-174, Jul. 2019, 10.1016/j.still.2019.02.013.

K. Djaman, M. O’Neill, C. Owen, D. Smeal, M. West, D. Begay, S. Allen, K. Koudahe, S. Irmak and K. Lombard, “Long-Term Winter Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Seasonal Irrigation Amount, Evapotranspiration, Yield, and Water Productivity under Semiarid Climate,” Agronomy, vol. 8, no. 6, p. 96, Jun. 2018, 10.3390/agronomy8060096.

V. Goreeva, E. Korepanova, I. Fatykhov and C. Islamova, “Response of oil flax varieties to abiotic conditions of the Middle Cis-Ural region by formation of seed yield,” Not. Bot. Horti Agrobot. Cluj. Napoca, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 1005-1016, Jun. 2020, 10.15835/nbha48211895.

A. Woźniak, “Effect of crop rotation and cereal monoculture on the yield and quality of winter wheat grain and on crop infestation with weeds and soil properties,” Int. J. Plant Prod., vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 177-182, Mar. 2019, 10.1007/s42106-019-00044-w.

O. M. Tserkovnova, Influence of growth regulators on winter hardiness, yield and grain quality of winter wheat in the forest-steppe of the Middle Volga region, Penza, Russia, 2009, pp. 10-18.

E. P. Denisov, A. P. Solodovnikov and R. K. Bikteev, “Effectiveness of energy-saving tillage in the cultivation of spring wheat,” Niva Povolzhye, vol. 3, no. 20, pp. 21-25, 2011.

A. Woźniak and M. Soroka, “Effect of crop rotation and tillage system on the weed infestation and yield of spring wheat and on soil properties,” Appl. Ecol. Environ. Res., vol. 16, pp. 3087-3096, May 2018.

E. H. Roche, E. B. Mallory, T. Molloy and R. J. Kersbergen, “Evaluating organic bread wheat as a rotation crop for organic dairy farms,” Renew. Agric. Food Syst., vol. 33, pp. 163-178, Apr. 2017, 10.1017/S1742170517000035.

B. L. Beres, K. N. Harker, G. W. Clayton, E. Bremer, R. E. Blackshaw and R. J. Graf, “Weed-competitive ability of spring and winter cereals in the Northern Great Plains,” Weed Tech., vo. 24, no. 2, pp. 108-116, Jan. 2010, 10.1614/WT-D-09-00036.1.

F. Cattaneo, P. Di Gennaro, L. Barbanti, C. Giovannini, M. Labra, B. Moreno and C. Marzadori, “Perennial energy cropping systems affect soil enzyme activities and bacterial community structure in a South European agricultural area,” Appl. Soil Ecol., vol. 84, pp. 213-222, Dec. 2014, 10.1016/j.apsoil.2014.08.003.

M. Haliniarz, A. Nowak, A. Woźniak, T. R. Sekutowski and C. A. Kwiatkowski, “Production and economic effects of environmentally friendly spring wheat production technology,” Pol. J. Environ. Stud., vol. 27, pp. 1523-1532, 2018, 10.15244/pjoes/77073.

R. L. Cook and A. Trlica, “Tillage and fertilizer effects on crop yield and soil properties over 45 years in southern Illinois,” Agron. J., vol. 108, no. 1, pp. 415-426, Jan. 2016, 10.2134/agronj2015.0397.

IUSS Working Group WRB, “World Reference Base for Soil Resources 2014, update 2015. International soil classification system for naming soils and creating legends for soil maps,” in World Soil Resources Reports No. 106, Rome, Italy: FAO, 2015.

B. Maharjan, S. Das and B. S. Acharya, “Soil health gap: a concept to establish a benchmark for soil health management,” Glob Ecol Conserv., vol. 23, p. e01116, Jun. 2020.

I. A. Rasmussen, M. Askegaard, J. E. Olesen and K. Kristensen, “Effects on weeds of management in newly converted organic crop rotations in Denmark,” Agric. Ecosyst. Environ., vol. 113, no. 1-4, pp. 184-195, Apr. 2006, 10.1016/j.agee.2005.09.007.

P. Mal, M. Schmitz and J. W. Hesse, “Economic and environmental effects of conservation tillage with glyphosate use: A case study of Germany,” Outlooks on Pest Manag., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 24-27, Feb. 2015, 10.1564/v26_feb_07.

A. Mehmeti, Z. Pacanoski, R. Fetahaj, A. Kika and B. Kabashi, “Weed control in wheat with postemergence herbicides,” Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 74-79, 2018.

M. Jastrzębska, M. K. Kostrzewska, M. Marks, W. P. Jastrzębski, K. Treder and P. Makowski, “Crop Rotation Compared with Continuous Rye Cropping for Weed Biodiversity and Rye Yield. A Case Study of a Long-Term Experiment in Poland,” Agron., vol. 9, no. 10, pp. 644, 2019.

A. Ranjbar, A. R. Sepaskhah and S. Emadi, “Relationships between wheat yield, yield components and physico-chemical properties of soil under rain-fed conditions,” Int. J. Plant Prod., vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 433-466, Jul. 2015.

A. Woźniak and M. Soroka, “Effect of crop rotation and tillage system on the weed infestation and yield of spring wheat and on soil properties,” Appl. Ecol. Environ. Res., vol. 16, pp. 3087-3096, 2018.

N.A. Epshtein, “Transfer of Impurities Determination Methods: Comparative Testing, Validation, Acceptance Criteria (Review),” Drug Devel. Regist., vol. 10, no. 2, pp.137-146, 2021.

E. L. Figuerola, L. D. Guerrero, S. M. Rosa, L. Simonetti, M. E. Duval, J. A. Galantini, J. C. Bedano, L. G. Wall and L. Erijman, “Bacterial indicator of agricultural management for soil under no-till crop production,” PloS one, vol. 7, no. 11, p. e51075, Nov. 2012, 10.1371/journal.pone.0051075.

H. Blanco-Canqui and S. J. Ruis, “No-tillage and soil physical environment,” Geoderma, vol. 326, pp. 164-200, Sep. 2018, 10.1016/j.geoderma.2018.03.011.

I. Iocola, S. Bassu, R. Farina, D. Antichi, B. Basso, M. Bindi and P. P. Roggero, “Can conservation tillage mitigate climate change impacts in Mediterranean cereal systems? A soil organic carbon assessment using long term experiments,” Eur J Agron., vol. 90, pp. 96-107, 2017.

R. Sun, W. Li, W. Dong, Y. Tian, C. Hu and B. Liu, “Tillage changes vertical distribution of soil bacterial and fungal communities,” Front. Microbiol., vol. 9, p. 699, Apr. 2018, 10.3389/fmicb.2018.00699.

X. C. Zhu, L. Y. Sun, F. B. Song, S. Q. Liu, F. L. Liu and X. N. Li, “Soil microbial community and activity are affected by integrated agricultural practices in China,” Eur. J. Soil Sci., vol. 69, no. 5, pp. 924-935, Oct. 2018, 10.1080/03650340.2019.1677892.

O.V. Trineeva, “Development of Theoretical Approaches to Determination of the Main Groups of Biologically Active Substances of Medicinal Plant Raw Materials by TLC Method”, Drug Devel. Regist., vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 69-79, 2021.

H. Wang, S. Wang, R. Wang, X. Wang and J. Li, “Conservation tillage increased soil bacterial diversity and improved soil nutrient status on the Loess Plateau in China,” Arch Agron Soil Sci., vol. 66, no. 11, pp. 1509-1519, 2020.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.11.6.14731

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development