Growth, Seedling Yield, and Feasibility of True Shallot Seed (Allium cepa L) Nursery Farming System

- Sutardi, Yayan Apriyana, Sugeng Widodo, Annisa Dhienar Alifia, Popi Rejekiningrum, Joko Pramono, Nanik Setyowati, Christina Astri


The objective of this study was to identify widely adapted true lines under different models of True Shallot Seed (TSS) nurseries that can be easily, quickly, and efficiently developed by farmers. Previous TSS seedling production research showed some low and inefficient results, making TSS nursery farming expensive and difficult for farmers to do. Therefore, a TSS nursery model that produces good seedlings and is economically efficient needs to be found. This research fills the gap by presenting novel TSS nursery models using sediment soil media that have not been tried before to increase the TSS seedling performance. The study was arranged in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with treatment consisting of three seedling systems: direct sowing models (Tabela), boxes, and polybags. Each treatment was repeated six times, using Bima varieties produced by AIAT of Central Java, seed 0,5 kg per system. Observation data included: media material's chemical contents, seedling growth, and nursery model feasibility. The results showed that seedling emergence and seedling weight, number of leaves, and plant populations were significantly different. Tabela shows the best seedling performance and cost-efficiency results. Hopefully, the study results of the shallot nursery model from TSS will help farmers reduce total production costs. The river sediment soil erosion at 71.1 t ha-1yr-1 has not been utilized even though sediment soil's physical and chemical properties are very good for a nursery, making for the novelty point in this study.


Nursery system; true shallot seed; seedling; sediment soil.

Full Text:



H. Harti, S. H. Hidayat, Sobir, and S. Wiyono, "Detection of major viruses infecting shallot and molecular characterization of onion yellow dwarf virus from several locations in Indonesia," Biodiversitas, vol. 21, no. 4, 2020.

N. F. Devy, R. Setiyani, Hardiyanto, and Puspitasari, "Performance of shallot (Allium cepa var. ascalonicum) derived from true seed under a dry condition area," in Proc. 2nd ICoSA, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, 2020, vol. 458, no. 1.

S. S. Girsang, E. D. Manurung, and M. A. Girsang, "Evaluation of land suitability and factors influencing the development of shallots (Allium cepa L.) in North Padang Lawas, North Sumatera," in Proc. of 1st ICSTLM, Bogor, Indonesia, 2021, vol. 648, no. 1.

A. M. Kiloes, Puspitasari, D. Mulyono, and M. J. A. Syah, "Land resources management of shallots farming: A case study in the highlands of Solok Regency, West Sumatera," in Proc. of 1st ICSTLM, Bogor, Indonesia, 2021, vol. 648, no. 1.

L. Currah and F. J. Proctor, Onions in tropical regions (NRI Bulletin No. 35). Chatham Maritime, Kent: Natural Resource Institute, 1990.

A. I. Santosa and F. Ertunc, "Identification, molecular detection and phylogenetic analysis of four viruses infecting Allium cepa in Ankara Province, Turkey," J. Plant Dis. Prot., vol. 127, no. 4, 2020.

C. A. Putri and S. H. Hidayat, "Sensitivity of serological and polymerase chain reaction methods for detection of viruses in Allium spp.," in Proc. SEAPPRO 2019, Bogor, Indonesia, 2020, vol. 468, no. 1.

H. Harti, Sobir, S. Wiyono, and S. Hendrastuti Hidayat, "Hot water treatment on shallot (Allium cepa var. ascalonicum) tuber to suppress viruses infection in the field," Indones. J. Hortic., vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 149–157, 2019.

S. Megawati, Pardono, and E. Triharyanto, "Study of shallot (Allium ascalonicum L) seed viability from true shallot seed (TSS)," in Proc. ICESAT 2019, Majalengka, Indonesia, 2020, vol. 466.

S. W. Manwan, Nurjanani, and M. Thamrin, "Effort to increase shallot productivity using true shallot seed (TSS) from the superior varieties supporting Proliga," in Proc. of the ICFST 2019, Makassar, Indonesia, 2020, vol. 484.

L. Edesi, T. Kangor, V. Loide, R. Vettik, I. Tamm, H. J. Kennedy, M. Haljak, Tamm, T. Võsa, K. Tamm, T. Talve, and E. Karron, "Effects of lake sediment on soil chemical composition, dehydrogenase activity and grain yield and quality in organic oats and spring barley succession," Agron. Res., vol. 18, no. 3, 2020.

Y. Niu and C. Guo, "Application of river sediments to soil improvement in urban green space," in Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 2020, vol. 1549, no. 2.

A. N. Seika, C. Setyawan, Ngadisih, and R. Tirtalistyani, “Soil erosion mapping using GIS based model in agricultural area of Progo watershed, Central Java, Indonesia,” in Proc. of the ICoSIA 2020, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, 2021, vol. 686, no. 1.

A. C. Kusumasari, R. Pangestuti, E. Sulistyaningsih, and R. Rosliani, "Growth and production of seed bulbs from true seed shallot planted on dry low land in rainy season," in Proc. of the 2nd ICSARD, Purwokerto, Indonesia, 2021, vol. 653, no. 1.

D. P. Turner, "Sampling Methods in Research Design," Headache, vol. 60, no. 1. 2020.

L. van Reeuwijk, Procedures for Soil Analysis, Sixth Edit. Wageningen, The Netherlands: International Soil Reference and Information Centre, 2002.

American Society of Agronomy, Methods of Soil Analysis Part 2.Chemical and Microbiological Properties. 1982.

A. K. Nayak, M. M. Rahman, R. Naidu, B. Dhal, C. K. Swain, A. D. Nayak, R. Tripathi, M. Shahid, M. R. Islam, and H. Pathak, "Current and emerging methodologies for estimating carbon sequestration in agricultural soils: A review," Science of the Total Environment, vol. 665. 2019.

D. K. Benbi, "Evaluation of a rapid microwave digestion method for determination of total organic carbon in soil," Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal., vol. 49, no. 17, 2018.

J. Liu, G. Izon, J. Wang, G. Antler, Z. Wang, J. Zhao, and M. Egger, "Vivianite formation in methane-rich deep-sea sediments from the South China Sea," Biogeosciences, vol. 15, no. 20, pp. 6329–6348, 2018.

A. Tefa, "Test of the viability and vigor of rice seed (Oryza sativa L.) during storage at different moisture levels," Savana Cendana, vol. 2, no. 03, 2017.

R. S. Basuki, “Analisis kelayakan teknis dan ekonomis teknologi budidaya bawang merah dengan benih biji botani dan benih umbi tradisional,” J. Hortik., vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 214–227, 2009.

K. A. Gomez and A. A. Gomez, Statistical procedures for agricultural research, 2nd Ed. Jakarta, Indonesia: Universitas Indonesia Press, 2007.

Cohort, "CoSTAT Version 6.400. Copyright 1998-2008." Cohort Software, Monterey, USA, p. 798, 2008.

S. Priyono, Ibrahim, Soemarno, Sykhfani, and L. M. Limantara, "Utilization of river sludge-sediment as the planting media in reclaiming critical Mined Land: Study of growth and litter production of Jabon (Anthocephalus Cadamba Miq.)," Int. J. GEOMATE, vol. 15, no. 52, pp. 230–237, 2018.

W. Mao, S. Kang, Y. Wan, Y. Sun, X. Li, and Y. Wang, "Yellow River Sediment as a Soil Amendment for Amelioration of Saline Land in the Yellow River Delta," L. Degrad. Dev., vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 1595– 1602, 2016.

G. Sopha, N. Sumarni, W. Setiawati, and Suwandi, “Teknik penyemaian benih true shallot seed untuk produksi bibit dan umbi mini bawang merah (sowing technique of true shallot seed to produce seedling and set of shallot),” J. Hortik., vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 318–330, 2015.

M. Zubair, S. Wang, P. Zhang, J. Ye, J. Liang, M. Nabi, Z. Zhou, X. Tao, N. Chen, K. Sun, J. Xiao, and Y. Cai, "Biological nutrient removal and recovery from solid and liquid livestock manure: Recent advance and perspective," Bioresource Technology, vol. 301. 2020.

V. K. Borole, A. V. Dhake, P. C. Suryawanshi, and D. G. Patil, "Effect of inorganic fertilizers in combination with biogas slurry and compost on production and quality of white onion (Allium cepa L.)," in Acta Horticulturae Proc. of VII Int. ISEA 2015, Nigde, Turkey, 2016, pp. 187–192.

B. P. Bougnom, C. Niederkofler, B. A. Knapp, E. Stimpfl, and H. Insam, "Residues from renewable energy production: Their value for fertilizing pastures," Biomass and Bioenergy, 2012.

J. Sumarno, F. Sari Indah Hiola, and A. Nur, "Study on application of TSS (True shallot seed) shallot technology in Gorontalo," in Proc. of IConARD 2020, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, 2021, vol. 232, pp. 1–13.

M. Dianawati, Y. Haryati, A. Yulyatin, R. Rosliani, and Liferdi, “Input Saving Technology Package of True Seed of Shallot (TSS) Production in Indonesia,” in Proc. of IConARD 2020, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, 2021, vol. 232.

A. Wulandari, D. Purnomo, and Supriyono, “Potensi biji botani bawang merah (True shallot seed) sebagai bahan tanam budidaya bawang merah di Indonesia,” El-Vivo, 2014.

Chanifah, D. Sahara, A. C. Kusumasari, and E. Kushartanti, "Farmers' perceptions of soil block nursery techniques on shallot seeds in Grobogan District, Central Java," in Proc. of the 1st ICSARD, Purwokerto, Indonesia, 2021, vol. 653, no. 1.

J. Promono, Sutardi, and B. Sutaryo, "Performance of three varieties on true shallot seed (TSS) seedling in sand soil land area," in Proc. The 3rd ICoSI 2019, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, 2019, pp. 455–460.

Makhziah, I. R. Moeljani, and J. Santoso, "Technology dissemination of true seed of shallot and mini shallot bulbs in Karangploso, Malang, East Java," Agrokreatif J. Ilm. Pengabdi. Kpd. Masy., vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 165–172, 2019.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development