Strengthening of Defense Human Resources through Information Technology in The Era of Industrial Revolution 4.0: (A Case Study: Indonesian Naval Academy Surabaya)

I Wayan Warka, Beni Rudiawan, Dohar Sianturi


In the era of the Industrial Revolution 4.0, the defense sector must anticipate the development of digital technology, which has a major impact on the cybersecurity system and defense technology itself through strengthening defense resources. This study examines the strengthening of defense human resources through information technology at the Surabaya Navy Academy (AAL). Data collected through observation, interviews, documentation, and competency tests. The results show that strengthening is supported by human resources who have adequate competence, carefully arranged financing, complete teaching materials, use of two-way methods as needed, supported by complete facilities and infrastructure. The strengthening process supported by careful planning, implementation not only on the campus of the Naval Academy but also at other representative institutions. The implementation is monitored via CCTV and supervised by a lesson supervision officer who reports directly to the Governor of the Naval Academy. Evaluations are always carried out to get input to improve existing and ongoing activities. The output of strengthening, cadets of the Naval Academy can master information technology competencies with good values as expected. The conclusion is that the strengthening of AAL cadets through information technology has carried out following the objectives and has achieved the target of increasing the competence of Naval Academy cadets in the information technology field. Therefore, this program can be continued in the future by increasing the quality of its implementation.


Defense human resources; information technology; industry 4.0; navy academy.

Full Text:



L. Da Xu, “Industry 4.0—Frontiers of fourth industrial revolution,” Syst. Res. Behav. Sci., vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 531–534, 2020, doi: 10.1002/sres.2719.

J. Nagy, J. Oláh, E. Erdei, D. Máté, and J. Popp, “The role and impact of industry 4.0 and the internet of things on the business strategy of the value chain-the case of hungary,” Sustain., vol. 10, no. 10, 2018, doi: 10.3390/su10103491.

M. Hermann, T. Pentek, and B. Otto, “Design principles for industrie 4.0 scenarios,” in Proceedings of the Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 2016, vol. 2016-March, pp. 3928–3937, doi: 10.1109/HICSS.2016.488.

Y. Liu, H. N. Dai, Q. Wang, M. K. Shukla, and M. Imran, “Unmanned aerial vehicle for internet of everything: Opportunities and challenges,” Comput. Commun., vol. 155, no. March, pp. 66–83, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.comcom.2020.03.017.

H. N. Saha et al., “Internet of Things (IoT) on bio-technology,” in 2017 8th Industrial Automation and Electromechanical Engineering Conference, IEMECON 2017, Aug. 2017, pp. 364–369, doi: 10.1109/IEMECON.2017.8079624.

J. Yang, H. Pan, W. Zhou, and R. Huang, “Evaluation of smart classroom from the perspective of infusing technology into pedagogy,” Smart Learn. Environ., vol. 5, no. 1, p. 20, 2018, doi: 10.1186/s40561-018-0070-1.

V. Gotarane and S. Raskar, “IoT practices in military applications,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Trends in Electronics and Informatics, ICOEI 2019, Apr. 2019, vol. 2019-April, pp. 891–894, doi: 10.1109/icoei.2019.8862559.

Forum Económico Mundial, “Índice Global de Competitividad 2019,” 2019.

B. C. Ervural and B. Ervural, “Overview of Cyber Security in the Industry 4.0 Era,” no. January, pp. 267–284, 2018, doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-57870-5_16.

GOV.UK, “Defence Technology Framework,” British, 2019.

Y. Yanakiev, N. Stoianov, D. Kirkov, and G. Velev, “Defence Strategy and New Disruptive Technologies Nexus: Implications for the Military Organisations,” J. Def. Secur. Technol., vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 7–41, 2020, doi: 10.46713/jdst.003.02.

Lixianli, P. Wei, A. Jianyong, and W. Ping, “The Application Research on Military Internet of Things,” in 2020 17th International Computer Conference on Wavelet Active Media Technology and Information Processing (ICCWAMTIP), 2020, pp. 187–191, doi: 10.1109/ICCWAMTIP51612.2020.9317321.

K. M. Sayler, “Emerging Military Technologies: Background and Issues for Congress,” Pentagon, 2020.

Y. Feng, M. Li, C. Zeng, and H. Liu, “Robustness of internet of battlefield things (IoBT): A directed network perspective,” Entropy, vol. 22, no. 10, pp. 1–15, 2020, doi: 10.3390/e22101166.

H. dan K. Biro Humas, “Menkumham: ‘The Importance of The Man Behind The Gun,’” 2021. .

S. Lazarević and J. Lukić, “The Impact of Information and Communication Technology on Human Resources,” Jan. 2016, pp. 369–375, doi: 10.15308/Sinteza-2016-369-375.

A. Rijali, “ANALISIS DATA KUALITATIF,” Alhadharah J. Ilmu Dakwah, vol. 17, p. 81, Jan. 2019, doi: 10.18592/alhadharah.v17i33.2374.

N. Soekidjo, Pengembangan Sumber daya manusia, 5th ed. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 2009.

N. Bernadetha, Manajemen Pelatihan dan Pengembangan, 1st ed., vol. 53, no. 9. Jakarta: UKI PRESS, 2019.

A. Nurhopipah and A. Harjoko, “Motion Detection and Face Recognition for CCTV Surveillance System,” IJCCS (Indonesian J. Comput. Cybern. Syst., vol. 12, no. 2, p. 107, 2018, doi: 10.22146/ijccs.18198.

Robbins S. P.Judge T. A., Organizational Behavior 15th Global Edition, 15th ed. London: Pearson, 2013.

A. Nuraeni, Ida;Suwandi, Manajemen Pelatihan, 1st ed. Jakarta: Universitas Terbuka, 2015.

J. Deriu et al., “Survey on evaluation methods for dialogue systems,” Artif. Intell. Rev., vol. 54, pp. 755–810, 2021, doi: 10.1007/s10462-020-09866-x.

J. Glaesser, “Competence in educational theory and practice: a critical discussion,” Oxford Rev. Educ., vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 70–85, 2019, doi: 10.1080/03054985.2018.1493987.

H. Rusdiana, A., Basri, Management Pendidikan. Bandung: Pustaka Setia, 2015.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development