What are the Essentials for Community Resilience against Recurring Floods?

Harkunti Pertiwi Rahayu, Devina Khoirunnisa, Deri Syaeful Rohman, Andi Idham Asman, Benedictus Kombaitan

Abstract


Flood has become the recurring and prominent disaster risk in Indonesia's Capital Region, Jakarta. Heavy rain intensity merged with urban development issues, including urbanization, land subsidence, and water recharge land conversion causes the widening of flooded areas across Jakarta, Bekasi, Tangerang, and Depok. This causes the need for communities at risk to catch up in their institutional and non-institutional capacity to cope with the flood impacts during the rainy season each year. Thus, communities have learned to depend less on institutional capacities and invest in community resilience instead. This study assesses the community flood resilience factors found in current literature and compares them with the findings from community cases Kampung Melayu and Kebon Baru Urban Communities (Kelurahan) in Jakarta. This paper aims to validate and contrasts the key contributing factors to community resilience based on the literature and findings from flood-prone communities in two urban communities in Jakarta. Community resilience data were collected through town watching, interviews, and community engagement observation in two months. The study found that prominent factors for resilience within the community in these case study locations are leadership, activism, and volunteerism through periodic capacity building and community engagement activities across all sectors. Moreover, there is a need for mutual acknowledgment between community grassroots organizations and government authorities to enhance and accelerate resilience building.


Keywords


Ciliwung River Basin; community resilience; urban neighborhoods; flood risk management; hydro-meteorological hazard.

Full Text:

PDF

References


H. P. Rahayu and S. Nasu, "Good Practices of Enhancement Early Warning System for High Populated Cities - A Case Study for Jakarta Flood," Soc. Soc. Manag. Syst., vol. 6, no. 1, Mar. 2010.

M. K. V. Aalst, "The impacts of climate change on the risk of natural disasters," Disasters, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 5–18, 2006, doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9523.2006.00303.x.

T. Firman, I. M. Surbakti, I. C. Idroes, and H. A. Simarmata, "Potential climate-change related vulnerabilities in Jakarta: Challenges and current status," Habitat Int., vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 372–378, Apr. 2011, doi: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2010.11.011.

M. Farid, H. Harumi Pusparani, M. Syahril Badri Kusuma, and S. Natasaputra, “Study on effectiveness of flood control based on risk level: case study of Kampung Melayu Village and Bukit Duri Village,” MATEC Web Conf., vol. 101, p. 05003, 2017, doi: 10.1051/matecconf/201710105003.

C. Asdak, S. Supian, and Subiyanto, "Watershed management strategies for flood mitigation: A case study of Jakarta's flooding," Weather Clim. Extrem., vol. 21, pp. 117–122, Sep. 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.wace.2018.08.002.

H. Takagi, D. Fujii, M. Esteban, and X. Yi, "Effectiveness and Limitation of Coastal Dykes in Jakarta: The Need for Prioritizing Actions against Land Subsidence," Sustainability, vol. 9, no. 4, p. 619, Apr. 2017, doi: 10.3390/su9040619.

Y. Budiyono, J. Aerts, J. Brinkman, M. A. Marfai, and P. Ward, "Flood risk assessment for delta mega-cities: a case study of Jakarta," Nat. Hazards, vol. 75, no. 1, pp. 389–413, Jan. 2015, doi: 10.1007/s11069-014-1327-9.

Y. Budiyono, J. C. J. H. Aerts, D. Tollenaar, and P. J. Ward, “River flood risk in Jakarta under scenarios of future change,” Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 757–774, Mar. 2016, doi: 10.5194/nhess-16-757-2016.

P. Wijayanti, X. Zhu, P. Hellegers, Y. Budiyono, and E. C. van Ierland, "Estimation of river flood damages in Jakarta, Indonesia," Nat. Hazards, vol. 86, no. 3, pp. 1059–1079, Apr. 2017, doi: 10.1007/s11069-016-2730-1.

R. Djalante, C. Holley, F. Thomalla, and M. Carnegie, "Pathways for adaptive and integrated disaster resilience," Nat. Hazards, vol. 69, no. 3, pp. 2105–2135, Dec. 2013, doi: 10.1007/s11069-013-0797-5.

A. Susandi, D. R. Pratiwi, T. Suwarto, and M. Tamamadin, "Adaptive Behavior Assessment Based on Climate Change Event: Jakarta's Flood in 2007," Jan. 2011, p. 28.

R. Djalante and F. Thomalla, "Disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation in Indonesia: Institutional challange and opportunities for integration," Int. J. Disaster Resil. Built Environ., Jul. 2012, doi: 10.1108/17595901211245260.

A. Bahadur and T. Tanner, "Transformational resilience thinking: putting people, power and politics at the heart of urban climate resilience," Environ. Urban., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 200–214, Apr. 2014, doi: 10.1177/0956247814522154.

I. Burton, S. Huq, B. Lim, O. Pilifosova, and E. L. Schipper, "From impacts assessment to adaptation priorities: the shaping of adaptation policy," Clim. Policy, vol. 2, no. 2–3, pp. 145–159, Jan. 2002, doi: 10.3763/cpol.2002.0217.

A. H. Kwok, D. Paton, J. Becker, E. E. Hudson-Doyle, and D. Johnston, "A bottom-up approach to developing a neighbourhood-based resilience measurement framework," Disaster Prev. Manag. Int. J., vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 255–270, Apr. 2018, doi: 10.1108/DPM-07-2017-0169.

D. Paton and D. Johnston, Eds., Disaster resilience: an integrated approach, 2nd ed. Illinois: Charles Thomas Publisher, Ltd., 2017.

C. B. Field, T. Stocker, D. Qin, and V. Barros, Eds., "Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation," p. 594, 2012.

P. Texier, "Floods in Jakarta: when the extreme reveals daily structural constraints and mismanagement," Disaster Prev. Manag. Int. J., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 358–372, Jun. 2008, doi: 10.1108/09653560810887284.

P. J. Ward, W. P. Pauw, M. W. van Buuren, and M. A. Marfai, "Governance of flood risk management in a time of climate change: the cases of Jakarta and Rotterdam," Environ. Polit., vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 518–536, May 2013, doi: 10.1080/09644016.2012.683155.

BBWS Ciliwung Cisadane, "Trends in Flood Inundation in Jakarta Metropolitan Area," 2012.

Dwirahmadi, Rutherford, Phung, and Chu, "Understanding the Operational Concept of a Flood-Resilient Urban Community in Jakarta, Indonesia, from the Perspectives of Disaster Risk Reduction, Climate Change Adaptation and Development Agencies," Int. J. Environ. Res. Public. Health, vol. 16, no. 20, p. 3993, Oct. 2019, doi: 10.3390/ijerph16203993.

M. Pelling, K. O'Brien, and D. Matyas, "Adaptation and transformation," Clim. Change, vol. 133, no. 1, pp. 113–127, Nov. 2015, doi: 10.1007/s10584-014-1303-0.

R. K. White, W. C. Edwards, A. Farrar, and M. J. Plodinec, "A Practical Approach to Building Resilience in America's Communities," Am. Behav. Sci., vol. 59, no. 2, pp. 200–219, Feb. 2015, doi: 10.1177/0002764214550296.

B. Smit, I. Burton, R. J. T. Klein, and R. Street, "The Science of Adaptation: A Framework for Assessment," Mitig. Adapt. Strateg. Glob. Change, vol. 4, p. 16, 1999.

C. Polsky, R. Neff, and B. Yarnal, "Building comparable global change vulnerability assessments: The vulnerability scoping diagram," Glob. Environ. Change, vol. 17, no. 3–4, pp. 472–485, Aug. 2007, doi: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2007.01.005.

L. Khoja, R. Schubert, and J. Joerin, "Social Resilience Indicators for Disaster Related Contexts: Literature Review," Singapore ETH Centre, 2020.

J.-S. Chou and J.-H. Wu, "Success factors of enhanced disaster resilience in urban community," Nat. Hazards, vol. 74, no. 2, pp. 661–686, Nov. 2014, doi: 10.1007/s11069-014-1206-4.

H. P. Rahayu, R. Haigh, D. Amaratunga, B. Kombaitan, D. Khoirunnisa, and V. Pradana, "A micro scale study of climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction in coastal urban strategic planning for the Jakarta," Int. J. Disaster Resil. Built Environ., vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 119–133, Nov. 2019, doi: 10.1108/IJDRBE-10-2019-0073.

B. Betteridge and S. Webber, "Everyday resilience, reworking, and resistance in North Jakarta's kampungs," Environ. Plan. E Nat. Space, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 944–966, Dec. 2019, doi: 10.1177/2514848619853985.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.11.6.14208

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development