Sustainable Vacation Industry Mobility Criteria in Heritage Cultural Natural Conserved Areas
Transportation and tourism cannot be separated. Both often lack the attention and cooperation of the stakeholders involved. Although each stakeholder has different goals and criteria, they need to work together to achieve the sustainability of tourism destinations. Nature-protected tourism objects and cultural heritage areas have a key role as conservation and tourism areas with specific criteria for preserving natural values, cultural heritage values, and other positive impacts of tourists visiting local communities. Transportation policies as a guideline of tourist mobility must ensure the sustainability of these values. The success of making transportation policy decisions must be supported by all actors involved with their respective goals and criteria. Therefore, multi-criteria are needed to measure transportation policies on tourist mobility in sustainable destinations. This paper examines the criteria for transportation policies that support mobility in sustainable nature tourism and cultural heritage protected areas using a multi-actor participatory method. The criterion rating is determined by the number of stakeholders involved and the score assigned by the stakeholders against the selected criteria. The results show that the highest to lowest criteria rank are as follows: comprehensive planning, transportation system Integration, safety, and security, visitor management, accessibility, various transport systems, supporting local entrepreneurs, supporting cultural events, low-impact transportation, operational efficiency, protection of cultural assets, visitors experience and transport equality.
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