Design Rule and Social Dimensions of the Bengkilas of Vernacular Limas Houses in South Sumatra

Ibnu Aziz, Ari Siswanto, Ngakan Putu Sueca, Dadang Hikmah Purnama

Abstract


This article explores the guidelines used to theoretically and empirically determine the bengkilas' measurement of Limas house to understand how the social dimension is integrated into the vernacular housing design process. This goal was achieved by conducting a multi-case study, mixed methods, interviews with four interviewees chosen purposively because of their limas house ownership and recognition of expertise in its architecture, and measurements on 30 limas houses in Palembang, South Sumatra, Indonesia. The data was collected quantitatively through measurements of the dimensions of the house and qualitatively through interviews with community leaders. Previous research literature was also used to cross-examine various interviewees' statements. This literature was likely to be local studies that cannot be avoided due to the lack of international publications related to the limas house. The guideline used in determining the size of bengkilas is the dulang module system and the step count system. The social dimension can be seen from the priority of space to share food in the house based on the dish module. Based on the study results, a theory was developed which explained that the origins of bengkilas were semi-public space instead of social stratification. Governments trying to revitalize vernacular housing for reasons of tourism, culture, or preservation, can build on the findings of this study to build sustainable housing design. This article contributes to the understanding of vernacular design that exists today.

Keywords


Vernacular housing; bengkilas; dish module; revitalize; limas house.

Full Text:

PDF

References


N. Abdul Majid, Z. Denan, Z. Abdul Rahim, N. Mohd Nawawi, and S. Hazman, “Sustainability concepts in Malay and aceh traditional houses,” Plan. Malaysia J., vol. 15, May 2017, doi: 10.21837/pmjournal.v15.i6.216.

M. J. Kolb, “Diachronic Design Changes in Heiau Temple Architecture on the Island of Maui, Hawai’i,” Asian Perspect., vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 9–37, 1992, [Online]. Available: http://scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu/handle/10125/17003%5Cnhttp://scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu/bitstream/10125/17003/1/AP-v31n1-9-37.pdf.

T. Kubota and S. Ahmad, “Wind Environment Evaluation of Neighborhood Areas in Major Towns of Malaysia,” J. Asian Archit. Build. Eng., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 199–206, 2006, doi: 10.3130/jaabe.5.199.

H. C. Triandis, “Individualism-Collectivism and Personality,” J. Pers., vol. 69, no. 6, pp. 907–924, 2001, doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-6494.696169.

S. Taal, “The limas house of Palembang,” in Indonesian Houses: Tradition and Transformation in Vernacular Architecture, 2nd ed., vol. 2, R. Schefold, P. J. M. Nas, and G. Domenig, Eds. NUS Press, 2008, pp. 363–389.

S. Taal, “Change and Diversification in Form and Function of the Limas House of Palembang,” in Indonesian Houses: Tradition and Transformation in Vernacular Architecture, R. Schefold, P. J. M. Nas, and G. Domenig, Eds. 2004, pp. 195–215.

R. Alasmar, “Philosophy and Perception of Beauty in Architecture,” Am. J. Civ. Eng., vol. 7, no. 5, pp. 126–132, 2019, doi: 10.11648/j.ajce.20190705.12.

C. Chen and J. Zuo, “The Symmetrical Beauty and Its Cultural Connotation of Lingnan Architecture,” in Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research (ASSEHR), 2018, vol. 291, pp. 143–149, doi: 10.2991/meeah-18.2018.25.

T. A. Q. R. A. Kadir, P. S. J. Kassim, and N. S. A. Latip, “Identity, tradition and the city: Dichotomies and realities of creating an Urban language of the Malay palace,” Plan. Malaysia, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 265–280, 2018, doi: 10.21837/pmjournal.v16.i5.430.

A. Baghaei Daemei, P. Haghgooy Osmavandani, and M. Samim Nikpey, “Study on Vernacular Architecture Patterns to Improve Natural Ventilation Estimating in Humid Subtropical Climate,” Civ. Eng. J., vol. 4, no. 9, p. 2097, 2018, doi: 10.28991/cej-03091142.

I. Aziz, A. Siswanto, N. P. Sueca, and D. H. Purnama, “The tradional architecture of palembang limas house evaluation of physical proportion of Palembang limas house with three Bengkilas in Seberang Ulu Palembang,” Int. J. Eng. Adv. Technol., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 3631–3635, 2019, doi: 10.35940/ijeat.A2702.109119.

F. Ching, L. Roth, and S. Rassmussen, Introduction to Architecture: Proportion and Scale. 2012.

S. I. Arrifin, “Made to Order - A Place Called Home,” in Southeast Asian Houses: Expanding Tradition, S. R. Ju, Ed. Seoul: Seoul Selection, 2017.

R. Fitriza, D. Afriyani, M. Turmudi, and D. Juandi, “The Exploration of Ethno-Mathematics Embedded on Traditional Architecture of Rumah Gadang Minangkabau,” in Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, 2018, vol. 160, pp. 270–276, doi: 10.2991/incomed-17.2018.57.

R. Muslimin, “Toraja glyphs: An ethnocomputation study of passura Indigenous icons,” J. Asian Archit. Build. Eng., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 39–44, 2017, doi: 10.3130/jaabe.16.39.

R. Tomovska and A. Radivojević, “Tracing sustainable design strategies in the example of the traditional Ohrid house,” J. Clean. Prod., vol. 147, pp. 10–24, 2017, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.01.073.

O. Sukalo, “Conceptual narratives, ecological heeds, social purposes and subjective ends of natural building movement,” Facta Univ. - Ser. Archit. Civ. Eng., vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 201–221, 2016, doi: 10.2298/fuace1602201s.

D. Setyawati, Sariyatun, and N. Suryani, “Ilir and Uluan : Polarization and Hierarchy of Socio-Political Leadership of Malay-Java in Palembang Sultanate in the 19th Century,” in Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research (ASSEHR), 2018, vol. 154, pp. 139–143.

D. Lyons, “End of an Era : Diversity in Former Feudal Landscapes - An Ethnoarchaeological Study of Powerful Places in Tigray, Ethiopia. Calgary,” 2008.

L. S. Kasih, G. W. Bayu, and I. N. L. Jayanta, “the Ethnopedagogy Study on the ‘Megibung’ Tradition in Karangasem,” J. Filsafat Indones., vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 103–109, 2019, doi: 10.23887/jfi.v2i3.22154.

D. Sharma, “Architectural Conservation of Decorative Timber Windows and Ornamental Columns at Buli Monastery,” Am. J. Civ. Eng. Archit., vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 204–207, 2017, doi: 10.12691/ajcea-5-5-4.

M. Tuasikal, “Makan Berjamaah (Collective Dining),” https://rumaysho.com/3255-makan-berjamaah.html.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.11.4.10972

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Published by INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development